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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 summary

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Dax Urbszat

Feb172004, Tuesday CHANAPS Notes From Reading C HAPTER 13: STRESS, OPING, AND H EALTH I. The Nature of Stress A. Introduction 1. Biopsychosocial Model holds that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological, psychological and socio-cultural factors. 2. Health Psychology concerned with how psychosocial factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health and with the causation, prevention and treatment of illness. B. Stress As An Everyday Event 1. Stress any circumstances that threaten or are perceived o threaten ones well being and thereby tax ones coping abilities. 2. Stress is cumulative it adds up. C. Appraisal: Stress Lies in the Eye of the Beholder 1. Peoples appraisal of stressful events are highly subjective i.e. Depends on a person. 2. Anxious, neurotic, and unhappy people report more stress. II. Major Types of Stress A. Frustration 1. Frustration occurs in any situation in which the pursuit of some good is thwarted. 2. Failure and loss are 2 common kinds of frustration which are highly stressful. B. Conflict 1. Conflict occurs when 2 or more incompatible motivations on behavioral impulses compete for expression. 2. King and Emmons used questionnaire to measure overall amount of internal conflict. a. High Levels anxiety, depression and physical symptoms. 3. Approach-Approach Conflict choice must be made between 2 attractive goals. a. Tend to be least stressful. b. Generally happy ending. 4. Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict choice must be made between 2 unattractive goals. a. Usually unpleasant and highly stressful 5. Approach-Approach Conflict choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects. a. Common and can be quite stressful b. Vacillation indecision. C. Change 1. Life Changes any noticeable alterations in ones living that require readjustment. a. Changes in personal relationship, work, finances, etc., can be stressful even when welcomes (Holmes and Rahe) b. Developed Social Readjustment Rating Scale to measure life changes as a form of stress. 16 www.notesolution.com
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