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PSY100Y5 (809)
Dax Urbszat (681)
Chapter 8

textbook summary chapter 8

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Dax Urbszat

Language and Thought Chapter 8 - cognition refers to the mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge Language: Turning Thoughts into Words What is language? - A language consists of symbols that convey meaning, plus rules for combing those symbols, that can be used to generate an infinite variety of messages. - Language is symbolic - People use spoken sounds and written words to represent objects, actions, events, and ideas - Language is semantic, or meaningful - The symbols used in a language are arbitrary in that no built-in relationship exists between the look or sound of words and the objects they stand for. - Language is generative - A limited number of symbols can be combined in an infinite variety of ways to generate to endless array of novel messages - Language is structured - Although people can generate an infinite variety of sentences, these sentences must be structured in a limited number of ways The Structure of Language Phonemes - phonemes are the smallest speech units in language that can be distinguished perceptually. - A letter in the alphabet can represent more than one phoneme if it has more than one pronunciation Morphemes and Semantics - Morphemes are the smallest units of meaning in language - Semantics is the area of language concerned with understanding the meaning of words and word combinations - Learning about semantics entails learning about the infinite variety of objects and actions that words refer to. Syntax - Syntax is a system of rules that specify how words can be arranged into sentences - Sentence must have both a noun phrase and a verb phrase Milestones in Language Development www.notesolution.com
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