Chapter 6: Learning
What is classical conditioning?
Classical conditioning is a type of learning that requires a stimulus to evoke a response that was originally
from another stimulus.
What are Pallov’s psychic reflexes?
(look at pg 252, dog salivates when hearing a tone)
What are some terminology and procedures of classical conditioning?
• Unconditioned stimulus
• Unconditioned response
• Conditioned stimulus
• Conditioned response
Explain conditioned fear and anxiety.
What is evaluative conditioning of attitudes?
What people like and dislike through classical conditioning
How does conditioning and physiological responses relate?
Classical condition can elicit allergic reactions or growth of drug tolerance.
Ex. Unusual tasting drink filled with immunosuppressive drugs... pg 256
What are the basic processes of conditioning and explain them
Acquisition: initial stage of learning something
Extinction: gradual weakening of conditioned responses tendency
Spontaneous recovery: reappearance of the extinguished response after not being exposed to the
What is stimulus generalization?
When an organism learned a response to a stimulus and react the same way to a similar stimulus
What is little Albert?
Watson and Rayner exposed a baby to a white rat and a gong, which eventually brought elicited fear from
him. And they started to expose things that looked similar to a white rat and it brought on the same fear.
What is stimulus discrimination?
The opposite of stimulus generalization
What is higher order conditioning?
Is when a conditioned stimulus functions as a it was an unconditioned stimulus
What is operant conditioning? Is a type of learning that responses are controlled by their consequences
What is Thorndike’s Law of Effect?
Thorndike called operant conditioning “instrumental learning”. The Law of effect is if a response to a
stimulus is positive one, the association with the response and stimulus is heightened.
What was skinners demonstration?
He worked mainly with rats, and used his daughter as an experiment as well
What are some terminology and procedures?