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Chapter 6

Chapter 6 PSYCH.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 6: Learning  CLASSICAL CONDITIONING  What is classical conditioning? Classical conditioning is a type of learning that requires a stimulus to evoke a response that was originally  from another stimulus.  What are Pallov’s psychic reflexes?  (look at pg 252, dog salivates when hearing a tone) What are some terminology and procedures of classical conditioning?  • Unconditioned stimulus • Unconditioned response • Conditioned stimulus • Conditioned response  Explain conditioned fear and anxiety. BASIC SHIT What is evaluative conditioning of attitudes? What people like and dislike through classical conditioning How does conditioning and physiological responses relate?  Classical condition can elicit allergic reactions or growth of drug tolerance. Ex. Unusual tasting drink filled with immunosuppressive drugs... pg 256 What are the basic processes of conditioning and explain them Acquisition:  initial stage of learning something  Extinction: gradual weakening of conditioned responses tendency Spontaneous recovery: reappearance of the extinguished response after not being exposed to the  conditioned stimulus. What is stimulus generalization?   When an organism learned a response to a stimulus and react the same way to a similar stimulus  What is little Albert? Watson and Rayner exposed a baby to a white rat and a gong, which eventually brought elicited fear from  him. And they started to expose things that looked similar to a white rat and it brought on the same fear.  What is stimulus discrimination?  The opposite of stimulus generalization  What is higher order conditioning?  Is when a conditioned stimulus functions as a it was an unconditioned stimulus OPERANT CONDITIONING What is operant conditioning?  Is a type of learning that responses are controlled by their consequences What is Thorndike’s Law of Effect? Thorndike called operant conditioning “instrumental learning”. The Law of effect is if a response to a  stimulus is positive one, the association with the response and stimulus is heightened.  What was skinners demonstration?  He worked mainly with rats, and used his daughter as an experiment as well What are some terminology and procedures?  Skinner’s box Reinforcement contingen
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