Chapter 12: Personality
THE NATURE OF PERSONALITY
What is consistency and distinctiveness?
• Consistency is how stable the persons behaviour is while distinctiveness is the differences in how
people act. These are the main concepts.
• Personality is someone’s unique consistent behavioural traits
What are the dispositions and dimensions of personality traits?
• Disposition are verbs such as moody, dependable etc
• Personality trait is basically a disposition that someone acts or shows
• Factor analysis: a bunch of variables that are related
• There are 16 traits that can determine a personality
What is the 5 factor model?
1. Extraversion – Happy
2. Neuroticism – angry
3. Agreeableness trusting
4. Openness to experience curiosity
5. Consciousness – diligent
What is the psychodynamic theory?
• All theories from and descended from Sigmund Freud on the unconscious mind
What is his Psychoanalytic theory?
• This paragraph was about his past and shit
• Attempts to explain personality motivations, sexual urges etc
What are the structure of personality?
• Primitive > pleasure principle
• Raw biological urges
• Decision making > reality principle
• Reality principle: delay Id urges until the right place and right time
• Desire for immediate satisfaction
• Moral component > right and wrong
• 35 years of age it emerges
What are the different levels of awareness?
• Everything you’re aware of (reading these notes)
2. Preconscious • Things that just beneath the conscious level that can be easily retrieved (middle name,
last night supper)
• Thoughts and memories under the surface of conscious (forgotten childhood trauma)
What were the conflicts of sex and aggression?
• Okay page 553 basically talks about like how the levels of awareness are constantly in battle with
each other everyday.
• And sex and aggression are key parts because they have more influence than biological needs
What are some anxiety and Defence mechanisms?
Defence mechanisms are unconsciously trying to make you feel less anxious.
• Rationalization: making a false excuse to justify shit
• Repression: forgetting and keeping it in the unconscious
• Projection: attributing your thoughts or motives to another
• Displacement: diverting emotion on another (anger)
• Reaction Formation: behaving in a way thats the opposite of you’re feeling
• Regression: using immature tactics
• Identification: boosting self esteem to make you feel better
• Sublimination: using anxiety and channeling it to another course
What are the psychosexual stages?
Psychosexual stages are periods in life which sexual course mark their adult personality
Fixation is when you can’t move on from one stage
1. Oral stage
• First year of life
• Sucking, biting all shit to do with mouth
2. Anal stage
• Second year
• Erotic pleasure from their bowel movements
3. Phallic stage
• age 4
• little boys develop an erotically tinged preference for their mother
• Oedipal complex: child erotic feelings for opposite sex parent and hate same sex parent
4. Latency (711) and Genital stage puberty
• Basically when we become horny little bunnies
• Wants to have sex all the time
What is Jung’s analytical psychology?
• Like freud he believed that unconscious was a determinant for personality
• Jun had 2 layers, personal unconscious which is the same as Freud, and the collective
unconscious wich is a store house of info from ancestors
• This info is called archetypes which are emotionally charged images that have universal meaning
What is Adler’s individual psychology ?
He thinks that biggest source of human motivation is striving for superiority.
Compensation: trying to overcome imagined or real inferiorities by developing abilities Over compensation: try to hide their inferiorities from th