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Chapter 6

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Dax Urbszat

Nov32003 CHANAPSNotes From ReadingCHAPTER 6 LEARNINGIClassical ConditioningAIntroduction1Learningrelatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to experience One of the most fundamental concepts in psychaIncl acquisition of knowledge and skills shapes personal habits personality traits emotional responses personal preferencesbConditioninglearning associations between events that occur in an organisms environment2Phobiasirrational fears of specific objects or situations3Classical Conditioningtype of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulusaFirst demonstrated by Pavlov known as Pavlovian conditioningBPavlovs Demonstration Psychic Reflexes1Neutral Stimulusdoes not provide the conditioned response initially2Learned associations are formed by events in an organisms environmentCTerminology and Procedures1Unconditioned Stimulus UCS stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning 2Unconditioned Response UCRunlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning3Conditioned Stimulus CSpreviously neutral stimulus that has through conditioning acquired the capacity to evoke a conditioned response4Conditioned Response CRlearned reaction to a conditioned stimulus that occurs because of previous conditioning5Classically conditioned responses have traditionally been characterized as reflexes and are said to be elicited because most of them are relatively automatic or involuntary6Trialin classical conditioning consists of any presentation of a stimulus of any presentation of a stimulus or pair of stimuliDClassical Conditioning In Everyday Life1Conditioned FearsaClassical conditioning is responsible for a great many irrational fears 2Other Conditioned Emotional ResponsesaAdvertising campaigns try to use classical conditioning to pair products with positive images3Conditioning and Physiological Responses aAder and Cohenclassical conditioning procedures can lead to immunosuppressiondecrease in the production of antibodiesbClassical conditioning can also elicit allergic reactionscClassical conditioning contributes to drug toleranceEBasic Process in Classical Conditioning1Acquisition Forming New ResponsesaAcquisition refers to the initial stage of learning something Pavlov theorized that acquisition of a conditioned response depended on stimulus contiguity occur in the same time and spacebContiguity alone however does not produce conditioning15
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