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Canada (161,660)
Psychology (1,899)
PSY311H5 (63)
Chapter 7

Chapter 7 - Family

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Stuart Kamenetsky

Chapter7FamilyA family is a social unit in which parents and children share economic social and emotional rights and responsibilities and a sense of commitment and identification with each other Families are childrens earlier and most sustained source of social contact and family relationships are the standard against which other relationships are judged Socialization the process by which parents and others teach children the standards of behaviour attitudes skills and motives deemed appropriate for their societyTHE FAMILY SYSTEMFamily system a system composed of a number of subsystems including those of mother and father mother and child father and child mother father and child and siblings Changes in the behaviour of one member of the family affect the functioning of the other members Family members can affect each other either directly ex altering your interactions with your child or indirectly ex altering a fathers behaviours which in turn alters the childs experiences The Couple SystemHow Does the Couples Relationship Affect ChildrenoWhen partners offer each other emotional and physical support and comfort the likelihood that they will provide this type of support and caring to their children is high In contrast parents who lash out at each other inflict problems in their children When conflict occurs between parents in a childs early years the child is unlikely to form emotionally secure attachments to the parents When conflict occurs in the childs later years the child is likely to become aggressive or depressed Problems When Parents FightoChildren who observe intense and destructive conflicts between their parents suffered from emotional insecurity depression anxiety behaviour problems relationship difficulties and poor emotion regulation Children are most likely to have problems when their parents express anger frequently intensely physically and without resolution oIf parents handled their disagreements constructively this lessens the harmful effects on their children Exposure to constructive conflict could even teach children how to negotiate conflict and resolve disagreements with others outside the familyoThere are 5 theoretical explanations to account for the effects of parental conflict on childrens social developmentThe social learning theory suggests that children learn how to interact with people and resolve conflicts by watching their parents
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