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PSY213 Memory Key terms.docx

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Giampaolo Moraglia

PSY213 Chapter 5 – Key terms Articulatory loop (phonological loop) In information – processing models, component of working memory that allows information about sounds and language to be kept in consciousness. Attentional resources In Craik’s terminology, amount of mental energy a person has available to focus on a task Central executive In information-processing models of memory, component of working memory that selects and processes sensory inputs and transforms them into meaningful mental representations; it also can retrieve information from long-term memory. Classical conditioning Forms of unconscious learning in which a previously neutral stimulus (one that does not ordinarily elicit a particular involuntary response) comes to elicit the response as a result of repeated association with a stimulus that normally produces the response. Declarative memory In information-processing models, memory for facts and events that can be recalled or recognized and stated verbally or can cause feelings of familiarity; compare with non- declarative memory. Developmental reserve In Balte’s terminology, extent to which memory can be improved with training Digit span Number of digits a person can remember at one time; it usually consists of 5-9 digits but can be increased by chunking E-I-E-I-O model Camp’s model for classifying mnemonic techniques according to type of processing (explicit or implicit) and initial site of storage (external or internal) Elaboration Encoding strategy or mnemonic device, consisting of making associations, of ten between new information already in memory Encoding In information-processing models of memory, the process by which information is prepared for long-term storage and later retrieval Episodic buffer Allows retrieval of information, which has been stored in episodes, to be retrieved from multiple sources. Episodic Memory In information-processing models, memory for personal experiences, activities, and events linked with specific times and places; compare with semantic memory. Explicit Memory In information-processing models of memory, processing that is intentional and conscious; compare with implicit memory. Frontal Lobes Front portions of the brain’s cerebral cortex, or outer layer, which form and direct strategies for encoding, storage, and retrieval of memories. Hippocampus Structure in the medial temporal lobe of the brain, actively involved in initial encoding and storage and immediate retrieval of new informa
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