PSY213 Chapter 5 – Key terms
Articulatory loop (phonological loop)
In information – processing models, component of working memory that allows
information about sounds and language to be kept in consciousness.
In Craik’s terminology, amount of mental energy a person has available to focus on a
In information-processing models of memory, component of working memory that
selects and processes sensory inputs and transforms them into meaningful mental
representations; it also can retrieve information from long-term memory.
Forms of unconscious learning in which a previously neutral stimulus (one that does not
ordinarily elicit a particular involuntary response) comes to elicit the response as a result
of repeated association with a stimulus that normally produces the response.
In information-processing models, memory for facts and events that can be recalled or
recognized and stated verbally or can cause feelings of familiarity; compare with non-
In Balte’s terminology, extent to which memory can be improved with training
Number of digits a person can remember at one time; it usually consists of 5-9 digits but
can be increased by chunking
Camp’s model for classifying mnemonic techniques according to type of processing
(explicit or implicit) and initial site of storage (external or internal)
Encoding strategy or mnemonic device, consisting of making associations, of ten
between new information already in memory
In information-processing models of memory, the process by which information is
prepared for long-term storage and later retrieval Episodic buffer
Allows retrieval of information, which has been stored in episodes, to be retrieved from
In information-processing models, memory for personal experiences, activities, and
events linked with specific times and places; compare with semantic memory.
In information-processing models of memory, processing that is intentional and
conscious; compare with implicit memory.
Front portions of the brain’s cerebral cortex, or outer layer, which form and direct
strategies for encoding, storage, and retrieval of memories.
Structure in the medial temporal lobe of the brain, actively involved in initial encoding
and storage and immediate retrieval of new informa