Textbook Notes (369,144)
Canada (162,415)
Psychology (1,899)
PSY374H5 (25)
Chapter 1

PSY374CH.1NOTES.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY374H5
Professor
Meredyth Daneman

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PSY374 Ch. 1 Notes Chapter 1: Themes of Psycholinguistics MAIN POINTS Psycholinguistics: is the study of how individuals comprehend, produce, and acquire language  the psychological study of language is psycholinguistics  The study of psycholinguistics is part of the field of cognitive science. Cognitive science: reflects the insight of psychology, linguistics and to a lesser extent, fields such as artificial intelligence, neuroscience and philosophy (to study the mind and mental process)  Psycholinguistics stresses the knowledge of language and cognitive processes involved in ordinary language use  Psycholinguistics are also interested in social rules involved in language use and the brain mechanisms associated with language  Contemporary interest in psycholinguistics began in the 1950s, although important precursors existed earlier in the 20 century INTRODUCTION  most young ppl develop JARGON, that is more meaningful to those of the same age then older or younger ppl  psychology of language deals with the mental processes that are involved in language use  Three sets of processes are of primary interest: 1. language comprehension – how we perceive and understand speech/written language 2. language production – how we construct an utterance from idea to completed sentence 3. language acquisition – how children acquire language THE SCOPE OF PSYCHOLINGUISTICS  some of the topics studied by cognitive scientists have been  problem solving, memory, imagery and language Linguistics: is the branch of science that studies the origin, structure and use of language PSY374 Ch. 1 Notes LANGUAGE PROCESS AND LINGUISTIC KNOWLEDGE  What knowledge of language (mental process) is needed for us to use language? o Tacit knowledge o Explicit knowledge Tacit knowledge: refers to the knowledge of how to perform various acts Explicit knowledge: refers to the knowledge of the processes or mechanisms used in these acts Ex. we sometimes know how to do something w/out knowing how we do it , for instance, a baseball pitcher might know how to throw 90miles per hour but little or no explicit knowledge of muscle groups that are involved in this act  generally speaking, much of linguistic knowledge is tacit rather than explicit Four broad areas of language knowledge may be distinguished: 1. Semantics: deals with the MEANING of sentences and words 2. Syntax: involves the grammatical arrangement of words within the sentence 3. Pragmatics: entails the social rules involved in language use FOUR LANGUAGE EXAMPLES (pg.5) 1. Garden Path Sentences – the subjective impression is one following the path of a garden to a predictable destination until it is obvious that u were mistaken in ur original interpretation and thus are forced to backtrack and reinterpret the sentence – we have two meanings of the word deal in memry 2. Indirect Requests – “Can you open the door?” this is asked indirectly, this is asking ability but we understand it as a request, i.e indirectly  why? Rules of language in social settings is part of our pragmatic knowledge of language  indirect requests are aspects of language that forces us to consider language in a social context 3. Langauge in Aphasia - Aphasia –is a language disorder due to brain damage Wernicke’s A
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