Textbook Notes (369,144)
Canada (162,415)
Psychology (1,899)
PSY374H5 (25)
Chapter 1


4 Pages

Course Code
Meredyth Daneman

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
PSY374 Ch. 1 Notes Chapter 1: Themes of Psycholinguistics MAIN POINTS Psycholinguistics: is the study of how individuals comprehend, produce, and acquire language  the psychological study of language is psycholinguistics  The study of psycholinguistics is part of the field of cognitive science. Cognitive science: reflects the insight of psychology, linguistics and to a lesser extent, fields such as artificial intelligence, neuroscience and philosophy (to study the mind and mental process)  Psycholinguistics stresses the knowledge of language and cognitive processes involved in ordinary language use  Psycholinguistics are also interested in social rules involved in language use and the brain mechanisms associated with language  Contemporary interest in psycholinguistics began in the 1950s, although important precursors existed earlier in the 20 century INTRODUCTION  most young ppl develop JARGON, that is more meaningful to those of the same age then older or younger ppl  psychology of language deals with the mental processes that are involved in language use  Three sets of processes are of primary interest: 1. language comprehension – how we perceive and understand speech/written language 2. language production – how we construct an utterance from idea to completed sentence 3. language acquisition – how children acquire language THE SCOPE OF PSYCHOLINGUISTICS  some of the topics studied by cognitive scientists have been  problem solving, memory, imagery and language Linguistics: is the branch of science that studies the origin, structure and use of language PSY374 Ch. 1 Notes LANGUAGE PROCESS AND LINGUISTIC KNOWLEDGE  What knowledge of language (mental process) is needed for us to use language? o Tacit knowledge o Explicit knowledge Tacit knowledge: refers to the knowledge of how to perform various acts Explicit knowledge: refers to the knowledge of the processes or mechanisms used in these acts Ex. we sometimes know how to do something w/out knowing how we do it , for instance, a baseball pitcher might know how to throw 90miles per hour but little or no explicit knowledge of muscle groups that are involved in this act  generally speaking, much of linguistic knowledge is tacit rather than explicit Four broad areas of language knowledge may be distinguished: 1. Semantics: deals with the MEANING of sentences and words 2. Syntax: involves the grammatical arrangement of words within the sentence 3. Pragmatics: entails the social rules involved in language use FOUR LANGUAGE EXAMPLES (pg.5) 1. Garden Path Sentences – the subjective impression is one following the path of a garden to a predictable destination until it is obvious that u were mistaken in ur original interpretation and thus are forced to backtrack and reinterpret the sentence – we have two meanings of the word deal in memry 2. Indirect Requests – “Can you open the door?” this is asked indirectly, this is asking ability but we understand it as a request, i.e indirectly  why? Rules of language in social settings is part of our pragmatic knowledge of language  indirect requests are aspects of language that forces us to consider language in a social context 3. Langauge in Aphasia - Aphasia –is a language disorder due to brain damage Wernicke’s A
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.