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Chapter 8

Chapter 8

6 Pages

Course Code
Suzanne Casimiro

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Chapter Eight: Sexuality and Society Understanding Sexuality Sex: a biological issue Sex refers to the biological distinction between females and males Way that humans reproduce Female ovum and male sperm (containing 23 pairs of chromosomes) combine to form fertilized embryo Mother contributes X chromosomes and father contributes Y chromosomes X from the father produces female (XX), Y from the father produces male (XY) Childs sex is determined biologically at the moment of conception Sex and the Body Primary sexcharacteristics: genitals, organs used for reproduction Secondary sexcharacteristics: bodily development apart from genitals that distinguishes biologically mature females and males Mature female- wider hips for giving birth, milk-producing, deposits of soft fatty tissue that provide reserve supply of nutrition during pregnancy and breastfeeding Mature males- more muscles in upper body, extensive body hair, deeper voice Gender: element of culture that refers to personal traits and patterns of behaviour including responsibilities, opportunities, and privileges that culture attaches to being male or female Intersexual PeopleHermaphrodite Defn: people whose bodies (including genitals) have both male and female characteristics Transsexuals: people who feel they are one sex even thought biologically they are the other Transgendered: means that they begin to disregard conventional ideas about how females or males should look and behave Gender reassignment: surgical alteration of genitals usually accompanied by hormone treatments Sex: cultural issue Incest taboo Defn: norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives Cultural universal- element found in every society around the world Sexual Attitudes many of us believe that we should be free to do what we wish as long as we cause no direct harm to others sex is a matter of individual freedom and personal choice Canadians became more accepting of non-marital sex and homosexuality over time Increasing view that extramarital sex is wrong www.notesolution.com
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