Textbook Notes (368,800)
Canada (162,168)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC209H5 (126)
Chapter 6&7

Chapter 6 & 7 Study Questions on Policing

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Paula Maurutto

1. What is the purpose of sentencing? List three objectives of its sanctions. The purpose of sentencing is to maintain respect for the law and create a just and peaceful society. Evidently there are sanctions in place which help to maintain this respect for the law, hence they have objective which: a. Denounce any unlawful conduct b. Separate the offender from society c. Assist in rehabilitating offenders. 2. Name four principles of sentencing a. Principle One: sentencing is not intended to deprive the offender of their liberty, instead if a less restrictive sanction exists then the offender should be given that. b. Principle Two: Similar crimes committed by similar offenders should have similar sentences c. Incarceration need be the last resort of a sanction d. A Sentence should be proportionate to the gravity of the offence. 3. What are the three goals of sentencing 1. Goal One: Utilitarian Goal - Focuses on the future of the offender, and tries to help reduce the re-offending of the offender. - Utilitarian goals tend to emphasize on general deterrence, specific deterrence, and incapacitation. 2. Goal Two: Retributive Goals - Retributive goals focuses on compensating the victim for the crime committed. this goal focuses specifically upon PAST and not future conduct of the offender. - In many ways it takes the stance of an eye for an eye - Principle of proportionality plays a major role within retributive goals of sentencing. 3. Goal Three: Rehabilitation Goals - Does not emphasize on the sentence itself, but instead the process at which a sentence is actually reached. - Involves all parties to come up with a consensual sentence (victim, offender, ec 4. List and Explain three points about the fine option program - Fine payments is a very common method used as a retributive sanction. - Many have criticized the implementation of fines as a form of imprisioning the poor due to the poor not being able to pay the fine; going into default and then prisio - This is why a lot of aboriginal people are in prision - The FINE OPTION PROGRAM- is implemented to help those who cannot pay their fine. It enables them to work there fine off in the form of community service. - Every hour worked is a credit towards there fine, up until a maximum of two years. www.notesolution.com
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