Textbook Notes (363,063)
Canada (158,170)
Sociology (1,471)
SOC209H5 (126)
Chapter 6&7

Chapter 6 & 7 Study Questions on Policing

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Paula Maurutto

1. What is the purpose of sentencing? List three objectives of its sanctions. The purpose of sentencing is to maintain respect for the law and create a just and peaceful society. Evidently there are sanctions in place which help to maintain this respect for the law, hence they have objective which: a. Denounce any unlawful conduct b. Separate the offender from society c. Assist in rehabilitating offenders. 2. Name four principles of sentencing a. Principle One: sentencing is not intended to deprive the offender of their liberty, instead if a less restrictive sanction exists then the offender should be given that. b. Principle Two: Similar crimes committed by similar offenders should have similar sentences c. Incarceration need be the last resort of a sanction d. A Sentence should be proportionate to the gravity of the offence. 3. What are the three goals of sentencing 1. Goal One: Utilitarian Goal - Focuses on the future of the offender, and tries to help reduce the re-offending of the offender. - Utilitarian goals tend to emphasize on general deterrence, specific deterrence, and incapacitation. 2. Goal Two: Retributive Goals - Retributive goals focuses on compensating the victim for the crime committed. this goal focuses specifically upon PAST and not future conduct of the offender. - In many ways it takes the stance of an eye for an eye - Principle of proportionality plays a major role within retributive goals of sentencing. 3. Goal Three: Rehabilitation Goals - Does not emphasize on the sentence itself, but instead the process at which a sentence is actually reached. - Involves all parties to come up with a consensual sentence (victim, offender, ec 4. List and Explain three points about the fine option program - Fine payments is a very common method used as a retributive sanction. - Many have criticized the implementation of fines as a form of imprisioning the poor due to the poor not being able to pay the fine; going into default and then prisio - This is why a lot of aboriginal people are in prision - The FINE OPTION PROGRAM- is implemented to help those who cannot pay their fine. It enables them to work there fine off in the form of community service. - Every hour worked is a credit towards there fine, up until a maximum of two years. www.notesolution.com
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