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Taylor- Principles of Scientific Management.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC227H5
Professor
Gregory Bird
Semester
Summer

Description
The Principles of Scientific Management Frederick Taylor Introduction  Scientific management also called task management  Three main points of paper: o Loss faced by our country through inefficiency in our daily acts o Remedy for this insufficiency lies in systematic management, not in searching for unusual or extraordinary man o Best management in a true science, based on defined laws, rules and principles that are the foundation Principles of Scientific Management  Three main questions regarding scientific management: 1. Wherein do the principles of scientific management differ essentially from those of ordinary management? 2. Why are better results attained under scientific management than in other styles of management? 3. Is not the most important problem that of getting the right man at the head of the company? And if you have the right man cannot the choice of the type of management be safely left to him? Finest Type of Ordinary Management  **the ingenuity of each generation has developed quicker and better methods for doing every element of the work in every trade  in a broad way, the methods used now can be considered the “survival of the fittest” and the best ideas developed since primitive times  not common to have one right way; no uniformity in the methods used  **handed down information from previous generations (traditional knowledge) can be seen as a principle asset or possession of every tradesman o managers realize that those that work under them may have this traditional knowledge that they themselves don’t have o Managers expect workers to use their traditional knowledge and skills to yield the largest possible return for the employer  “initiative”: all the good qualities sought for from workmen o workers don’t tend to give employers their full initiative unless they are given something in return that they cant usually get from other managers o workers find that giving employers their best initiative is against their own interest  “instead of working hard to do the largest possible amount of work and the best quality of work for their employers they deliberately work as slowly as they can while at the same time trying to make those over them believe that they are working fast” (pg. 26) o for this reason, employers have to give some special incentive so employees are motivated to do better than average o i.e- hope for promotion, higher wages, better working conditions o **”only by giving a special incentive can employers hope to get close to the “ initiative” of workers” (pg. 26)  under scientific management, the pay system is just one of the subordinate elements  best type of manage
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