STATISTICS is the science of data. It involves collecting, summarizing,
organizing, analyzing, and interpreting data.
DATA is a set of observations, measurements, or facts.
QUANTITATIVE DATA are numbers that occur in a natural and obvious
QUALITATIVE DATA are not natural numbers and are usually categories.
A POPULATION is a set of units that we are interested in studying.
AN EXPERIMENTAL UNIT is an object that we are interested in.
A VARIABLE is a characteristic or a property of a population unit.
A SAMPLE is a subset of the population units.
A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE shows characteristics typical of the
A RANDOM SAMPLE is one where every unit of the population has an
equal chance of being selected. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS uses graphs and numbers to find patterns
and to summarize and present information contained in a data set.
INFERENTIAL STATISTICS uses sample data to make generalizations
about a larger set of data which is unavailable or unknown to us.
A STATISTICAL INFERENCE is a generalization about the population
based on the informat