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HLTB15H3 Chapter Notes -Balance Theory, Ethnomethodology, Scientific Method


Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB15H3
Professor
Iva Zovkic

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HLTB15 WINTER 2013
Week 4 Bowling Readings (Pages 14-25)
Broader Measures of Outcome
More positive criteria of quality of life are increasingly being incorporated into the
broader assessment of outcome
Need to incorporate both the medical model and the patient’s perspective
Health and Health-related quality of life
Health status traditionally focuses on physical morbidity and mental health and was
negative in its operationalization
Both health status and health-related qualify of life can include physical health,
physical functioning, social functioning and social health, psychological well-being,
emotional well-being, and perceptions
Health-related quality of life as an outcome measure broadens outcome toward
considering the impact of the condition and its treatment of the person’s emotional,
physical and social functioning and lifestyle
Patient-reported outcomes
Self reported and deal with generic and disease-specific health status, physical and
mental functioning, quality of life nan health related quality of life, experiences of
health care and treatment
CHAPTER 2: SOCIAL RESEARCH ON HEALTH: SOCIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL
CONCEPTS AND APPROACHES
Sociological and psychological research on health
Psychology: scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Sociology: study of social life and behavior
o Applied or theoretical
o Aim to understand people’s perceptions, behaviors, and experiences in the
face of health and illness, their experiences of health care, their coping and
management strategies in relation to stressful events, their societal
reactions to illness and the functioning of health services in relation to their
effects on people
Positivism: social phenomenon can be measured objectively and analyzed following
the principles of the scientific method in the same way as natural sciences
Social Action Theory; Phenomenology interpretive school of though
o Ethnomethodology
o Symbolic or social interactionism
o Labeling
o Deviance
o Reactions theory
o Prefer qualitative methods observation, interviews,
Thus in social science, theoretical perspectives influence the choice of research
methods (qualitative vs. quantitative)
HEALTH AND ILLNESS
The Biomedical Model
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