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CA (168,231)
UTSC (19,296)
HLTB21H3 (177)
Chapter

Plagues without Germs (Chart-form with labels as indicated in the review)

3 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat

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Plagues without Germs
Disease Causes DeterminantsSymptoms
Pellagra- belief that the disease was specific
to the poor
- evidence established that the
disease was due to niacin-deficiency
caused by poor food habits and lack
of vitamins (economic and food
reasons)
- Better known as a vitamin B12
deficiency.
- Goldberger determined that
pellagra was clearly tied to
economics: those with a better
economic stand had better food
(vegetables, milk, and red meat)
and therefore did not have
pellagra.
- he called the missing factor
missing in food the P-P
(pellagra-preventative) factor,
later known as B12.
- 4 Ds: dermatitis, diarrhea,
dementia, and death
White Rice Plague
Beriberi - too much white rice (polished rice)
caused a deficiency in vitamin B1
(thiamine) and was established as
the cause of Beriberi
- Thiamine is necessary for the
normal cell to metabolize sugars and
alcohol.
- Eijkman established that the
disease was not germ-related - neurological disorder
characterized by paralysis of
the hands and feet
- kakke meaning leg
disease
- loss of strength, appetite,
swelling of ankles and thighs
with great pain in leg joints,
loss of ability to speak,
emancipation, and death
from asphyxia and
convulsions.
Plague of the
Seafarer—Scurvy
Explorers’
Disease
- Vitamin C deficiency which shuts
down the synthesis of collagen
- characterized by long ocean
voyages.
-
- Lind discovered that lemons
and oranges cured many of the
ill, and led to the synthesis of
vitamin C.
- Hands and feet swell
- gums grow over the teeth
The Air Pollution
Plague Rickets - Deficiency of solar ultra violet
radiation that act as a sterol to - Ultraviolet rays from the sun
act on a sterol in the skin to - endocrine-deficiency
disease
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Description
Plagues without Germs Disease Causes Determinants Symptoms Pellagra - belief that the disease was specific - Goldberger determined that - 4 Ds: dermatitis, diarrhea, to the poor pellagra was clearly tied to dementia, and death - evidence established that the economics: those with a better disease was due to niacin-deficiency economic stand had better food caused by poor food habits and lack (vegetables, milk, and red meat) of vitamins (economic and food and therefore did not have reasons) pellagra. - Better known as a vitamin B12 - he called the missing factor deficiency. missing in food the P-P (pellagra-preventative) factor, later known as B12. White Rice Plague - too much white rice (polished rice) - Eijkman established that the - neurological disorder Beriberi caused a deficiency in vitamin B1 disease was not germ-related characterized by paralysis of (thiamine) and was established as the hands and feet the cause of Beriberi - kakke meaning leg
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