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HLTB04 study question and notes: Lecture 1: History of cities
What is city? Which statement are true:
-Greek word for city: Polis
-City: Political partnership. - Aristotle, Politics.
-City State: most important political entity.
What did “Aristotle – Politics” said what is called the city or the political partnership”:
“It is clear that all partnerships aim at some good, and that the partnership that is most
authoritative of all and embraces all the others does so particularly,, and aims at the most
authoritative good of all. This is what is called the city or the political partnership”.
Brief History of Cities:
-City States: almost independent state.
-Centres of power and wealth.
Ancient world: Athens, Sparta, Rome
Medieval City States: Venice, Florence
4. Medieval Cities- Population Sizes?
a. Lubeck Germany : 10,000, ca.1200
b. London: 40,000
c. Venice: 100,000
d. Paris: 150,000
Modern City Populations:
-Toronto: 2.48 million (City of Toronto).
-London: 7.5 million (www.london.gov.uk).
-Karachi : approx. 18 million.
Industrial Revolution” made:
Changes in city life
Development of Suburban areas.
Gridiron pattern of city blocks
Longer work day – adults and children worked 12 or more hrs/day in dark, dirty factories.
Many manufacturing jobs – monotonous, tiring
Few safety rules or regulations
Worker accidents and deaths