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HLTB15H3 (41)


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Health Studies
Iva Zovkic

HLTB15 WINTER 2013 Week 4 – Bowling Readings (Pages 14-25) Broader Measures of Outcome  More positive criteria of quality of life are increasingly being incorporated into the broader assessment of outcome  Need to incorporate both the medical model and the patient’s perspective Health and Health-related quality of life  Health status traditionally focuses on physical morbidity and mental health and was negative in its operationalization  Both health status and health-related qualify of life can include physical health, physical functioning, social functioning and social health, psychological well-being, emotional well-being, and perceptions  Health-related quality of life as an outcome measure broadens outcome toward considering the impact of the condition and its treatment of the person’s emotional, physical and social functioning and lifestyle Patient-reported outcomes  Self reported and deal with generic and disease-specific health status, physical and mental functioning, quality of life nan health related quality of life, experiences of health care and treatment CHAPTER 2: SOCIAL RESEARCH ON HEALTH: SOCIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCEPTS AND APPROACHES Sociological and psychological research on health  Psychology: scientific study of behavior and mental processes  Sociology: study of social life and behavior o Applied or theoretical o Aim to understand people’s perceptions, behaviors, and experiences in the face of health and illness, their experiences of health care, their coping and management strategies in relation to stressful events, their societal reactions to illness and the functioning of health services in relation to their effects on people  Positivism: social phenomenon can be measured objectively and analyzed following the principles of the scientific method in the same way as natural sciences  Social Action Theory; Phenomenology – interpretive school of though o Ethnomethodology o Symbolic or social interactionism o Labeling o Deviance o Reactions theory o Prefer qualitative methods – observation, interviews,  Thus in social science, theoretical perspectives influence the choice of research methods (qualitative vs. quantitative) HEALTH AND ILLNESS The Biomedical Model HLTB15 WINTER 2013  Dominant model of disease in the west  Assumption: Disease is generated by specific etiology agents which lead to changes in the body’s structure and function  Body as a machine  Mind and body separation  Scientific rationality, emphasis on objective and measurement  Absence of disease =
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