Chapter 1

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University of Toronto Scarborough
International Development Studies
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

Chapter 1: Introduction Chapter Key Definitions }]L2}ZJ,K^Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and L}KoZZL }]ZZ}]L]K]_ (3) o International health actors frame international health in terms of disease control o There is growing consensus on the need to address social determinants of health ZZL]o}2}}ZoZLoo]L2:@ZZ]L o^Z}Z]L27 ZZ} clean water, sanitation, nutrition, education, broad social policies and protections, safe }l]L2 }L]]}LZLo]]L22Z_ C. JE. A. Winslow (a public health leader) described public health Z^ZZ ]L L} preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical health and efficiency through organized community efforts.._~:@ZZLZo}Z }L ]}LZ}Z]o} public health including: o Social medicine J refers to integration of political action and health efforts developed in th the 19 century o Population health J emphasizes on how various determinants of health interact ]L2ZoZ~:2:^LKo}KL Lo}Z} ]o]Z}o]}L7}7L Z}KoZZLZZ7]Z}}L Z}LZoZ_~J developed by the Canadian Insitute for Advanced Research o Collective health J emphasizes on people exercising agency thus shaping health } }KZ7}}LLZ}Z]Z]
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