8. 1 incremental processing and the problem of ambiguity (pg. Plic55: psycholing: parsing: the process of assigning syntactic structure to the incoming words of a sentence during lang comprehension, parser: the collective structure-building mechanisms and procedures. Incrementality in word recognition leads to an explosion of potential ambiguity until the utterance is complete (ex. The swimmers drowned in the lake were not found until the spring. Subordinates are embedded in vp as complements, nps as relative clauses, or introduced by adverbial words (although, despite, after, etc. : the horse raced while the cow stared, she died because she had no money for the operation. Chapter 8 understanding sentence structure and meaning: conjoined clauses: 2 or more constituents of the same type joined by and" or but". Passive changes direct object from active phrase to subject, and subject from active sentence becomes embedded in prepositional phrase introduced by by": the prom queen was driven home by the principle.