POLB90 WEEK 1 LECTURE NOTES
Hulme and Wilkinson
Today we live in a world that has enough food to feed everyone, and resources
as well as technology to provide basic services such as primary education health
services, and social assistance.
Issue is that the world is organized in such a way that approximately 1.5 to
2.5 billion people have little to no access to the most basic human needs.
Millennium Development goals made big promises (but these promises are
coming from the rich countries who know it is they that are keeping developing
149 leaders signed the Millennium Declaration (the basis for the MDG‟S)
which identified a set of goals that would halve the amount of extreme
poverty around the world by 2015.
MDG‟s not first time that eradicating world poverty was discussed. In 1947,
the universal declaration of Human Rights envisioned a world in which:
“Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health
and wellbeing of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical
care…Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the
rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration can be fully realized”
-this is suggesting that there is almost this sort of trend, that eradicating
poverty comes up every once in a while but and world leaders gather
around to support it yet there is not much actually being done. (Consider
the debt developing nations are in, why not remove that from them so
that they can take care of themselves. It‟s as if world leaders are probing
around the problem of poverty without really dealing with the roots).
Although these commitments were made and the fight against global
poverty to center stage, things began to head south as the promises were
forgotten and other international issues based on „rich world‟ concerns
(i.e. National security, energy security, trade liberalization) were given
The graduation of global poverty onto the international agenda might be
seen as evidence of progressive social change on the grandest scale.
Alternatively, it could be seen as the world‟s most successful confidence
trick-with-rich nations, powerful organizations, and global elites (in