8. 3: language and communication interest in language began w/ paul broca his patie(cid:374)t (cid:862)ta(cid:374)(cid:863) had aphasia: a language disorder caused by damage to the brain structures that support using and understanding language. Tan could understand speech, had normal mental abilities, (cid:271)ut (cid:272)ould(cid:374)"t produce speech that made sense. Wernicke"s area: the area of the brain most associated w/ finding the meaning of words damage results in wernicke"s aphasia (difficulty understanding the words he/she hears) Children also learn words and grammatical rules from parents/teachers/peers phenomes: most basic units of speech sounds eg. the /t/ in stink, stop, stash and stoke is pronounced slightly differently for each diff. word. Morphemes: smallest meaningful units of a language simple words, language gives us productivity semantics: is the study of how people come to understand meaning from words. Phast program to help kids w/ reading disabilities from sick kids hospital.