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7. Social Interaction.docx

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Shelly Ungar

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 Social Interaction – Involves communicating face to face or via computer, and reacting in relation to other people. It is structured around norms, roles, and statuses  Status – a recognized social position an individual can occupy (Boss) (Men will get more laughs when making a joke from people in social interactions than women)  Role – are the set of expected behaviours (We expect men to make dirty jokes)  Norm – are generally accepted ways of doing things (Dirty jokes in classrooms are not right)  Emotion Management – involves people obeying “Feeling rules” and responding appropriately to the situation in which they find themselves. Ex. Anger from brother’s death, but need to feel sad for the mourning  Also how much they should feel, how long, and with whom they should share those feelings  Emotional Labour – is emotion management that many people do as part of their job and for which they are paid (Airline Waitress being nice to everyone)  Historical Perspective of:  Grief – People in the past showed shorter and less intense grief to children dying at a young age because of poor health conditions at that time, making kids dying young a common thing  Anger – People got angry very easily and out of control. Avoiding anger became a huge goal and started to teach kids in the future on how to control their anger.  Disgust – In the past people spat, scratched themselves whenever and wherever. Ate with hands and letting go of gas. Started to change after the 1700s  Conflict Theories in Social Interaction  Competing for Attention in conversation people sharing valued resources are constantly trying to shift the attention until one caves and continue the focus on one person (Exchange Theory)  Rational Choice Theory – People interacting are trying to get the max benefits and minimize costs (trying to feel the best emotionally, and socially without having to speak with everyone)  Power and social Interaction:  Domination – the mode of interaction in which nearly all power is concentrated in the people of high status (Prison Guards and inmates) (All about fear)  Cooperation – power is equally distributed between people of different classes (Families are happy when people share the housework) (All about trust) (most effective)  Competition – A mode of interaction where mode of interaction in which power is unequally distributed but much better than domination (Between domination and cooperation) (All about Envy)  Symbolic Interaction  Dramaturgical Analysis (Erving Goffman) – Views social interaction as sort of play, in which people present themselves so that they appear in the best possible light. (People playing roles all the time)  People behave at their best when at public, example a waiter (Hi I’m Sam, what would you like to order) (This is considered to be “On” –in role)  People get to behave differently when part of the backstage (God I hate that guy at table 6) (Gets to be not “on” and be themselves)  Role Distancing – Involves giving the impressions that you’re doing a role but lack serious commitment (I’m singing in this choir cause my mom made me)  Ethnomethodology – How people make sense of what other do and say by adhering (following) to pre-existing n
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