Textbook Notes (368,440)
Canada (161,878)
Sociology (1,053)
SOCA02H3 (310)
Chapter 24

Chapter 24 Notes from MAPPING

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

CHAPTER 24Who Rules America The Corporate Community and the Upper Class G William Domhoffy Sociologists utilize various indicators to measure social class for example socioeconomic status SES is calculated using income educational attainment and occupational status y Sociologists also employ subjective indicators of social class such as attitudes and values class identification and consumption patternsy Using both objective and subjective indicators of social class status Domhoff finds that in addition to wealth the upper class shares a distinctive lifestyle through participation in various social institutions Domhoff argues not only that there is a cohesive upper class in the US but also that the upper class has a disproportionate share of power through its control over economic and political decision making in this country y If there is an American upper class it must exist not merely as a collection of families who feel comfortable with each other and tend to exclude outsiders from their social activities it must exist as a set of interrelated social institutions That is there must be patterned ways of organizing the lies of its members from infancy to old age that create a relatively unique style of life and there must be mechanisms for socializing both the younger generation and new adult members who have risen from lower social levelsy This emphasis on the institutionalized nature of the upper class which reflects a longstanding empirical tradition in studies of it is compatible with the theoretical focus of the new institutionalists within sociology and political sciencey Four different types of empirical studies establish the existence of an interrelated set of social institutions organizations and social activities they are historical case studies quantitative studies of biographical directories openended surveys of knowledgeable observers and interview studies with members of the uppermiddle and upper classes Prepping for Power y From infancy through young adulthood members of the upper class receive a distinctive education the system of formal schooling is so insulated that many upperclass students never see the inside of a public school in all their years of educationy This separate educational system is important evidence for the distinctiveness of the mentality and lifestyle that exists within the upper class because schools play a large role in transmitting the class structure to their studentsy Sociologists Randall Collins concludes Schools primarily teach vocabulary and inflection styles of dress aesthetic tastes values and manners y Informal education usually begins with dancing classes in the elementary years which are seen as important for learning proper manners and the social graces
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