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Chapter 1

SOCB05H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: The Foundations, Nomothetic, Dependent And Independent Variables


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB05H3
Professor
Katherine Stuart
Chapter
1

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Chapter 1 - Human Inquiry and Science
Knowledge is based on agreement; ex. People in china speak Chinese
The second question makes it concrete(when we know what is real)
Looking for reality
Something is considered real when there is logical and empirical
support
Epistemology – science of knowing
Methodology – science of finding out
Ordinary Human Inquiry
Humans use cause and effect as a way of indication outcomes (high
education = high paying job)
These ideas can be probabilistic because the effect occur more than
when causes are absent
We need to distinguish between predictions and understandings
If we understand the meaning behind something it makes our
predictions stronger
Tradition
“everybody knows” we agree on something because we learn it from
others
It hinders to be a problem because if someone tries to seek a fresh
understanding of something they may look like fools
Authority
Acceptance depends on status of the discoverer ( believe a medical
researcher over your uncle)
Can be a problem because things change over time and mistakes are
possible
Both ways helps us gain an understanding and knowledge (starting
point of inquiry)
Errors in Inquiry and Some solutions
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