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SOCC24H3 (1)

Changing Families - Anne-Marie Ambert.docx

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Rania Salem

Changing Families: Relationships in Context Anne-Marie Ambert • Socialization – the process by which children learn how to think and behave according to the ways of the society and the group in which they are born and raised • Children are not passive recipients of socialization • Institution – a recognized area of social life that is organized along a system of widely accepted norms that regulate behaviours • Society evolves norms/rules that guide the behavior of family members toward one another and other institutions • Key institutions in society are the religious, educational, economic, as well as political contexts • Statistics canadas definition of a family includes “a couple of any sexual combination, with or without children, married or cohabiting,” as well as, “a lone parent of any marital status, with atleast one child living in the same dwelling,” or “a grandparent raising a grandchild” • Afamily is a social group, an insititution and an intergenerational group of individuals related to one another by blood, adoption or marriage/cohabitation • Typology of family unions Type Description Families Nuclear family Atleast one parent and one child living together Conjugal Husband, wife and children Single parent One parent and his/her child living together Grandparent/grandchild One or two grandparents and grandchild living together Reconstituted Remarried or cohabitating spouses when at least one had a child Horizontal Sisters, brother or cousins living together without the parent generation Extended family All the members of a family, including child, parents, grandparents, and other ascendants, plus uncles, aunts and cousins (by blood, adoption, or marriage) In one household Generally involves three generations: atleast one parent with a child, and another relative such as aunt/uncle or grandparent In multiple households Members of a family including child, parents, grandparents and other ascendents plus uncles, aunts, and cousins living in separate dwellings but interacting on a regular basis Unions Legal marriage Socially/legally/religiously sanctioned which is usually heterosexual but could also be homosexual depending on the law Cohabitation Consensual union that is not legally sanctioned but legally protected in Canada. Common-law. Can involve heterosexual or homosexual partners Living apart together (LAT) Union in which partners maintain separate residences Monogamy Alegal marriage/cohabitation involving only two partners Serial monogamy/polygamy Sequence of spouses or partners over time as in the sequence of marriage, divorce, and remarriage; spouses or cohabitants succeed each other Polygamy Multiple spouses or partners at the same time Polygyny One man married to more than one woman at the same time Polyandry One woman married to more than one man at the same tome • Membership in a family is more an ascribed status, where as friendships are acquired. Status ascription is one of the reasons why family relations tend to be enduring • Binuclear family – happens upon divorce, half the family constituts of child and mother and the other half of the family constitutes of child and father • Fictive kinship – when someone who is not actually related by blood, marriage, sexual mating or cohabitation becomes a part of the family because of closeness • Historically polygamy was rooted in agrarian societies when men owned a lot of land and benefited from several wives • The success of polygamous families depends on the sociocultural context in which these people live, and the fair treatment received by women in this type of family • Structural functionalism - analyzes a society’s organization, its structure and the linkages between its various systems • Instrumental role – father is the bread winner • Expressive role – mother is cares for children and maintains relationships • Adysfunctional family is one that is so disorganized that it is unable to care for themselves or socialize its children • Social exchange theory – people interac
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