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Chapter 4-7

Chapter 4-7 Terms Study Guide

by

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Marcel Danesi
Chapter
4-7

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Chapter 4
Bolded Terms
Totemism an element of nature that served as a symbol for a group or clan Æ worshipped and considered holy by the
members of the group
Symbolic Actions the rituals, myths, arts, literature, and music that we enjoy or participate in Æ play a role in making concrete a
particular view of the world
Metaphors a figure of speech in which linguistic expressions are taken from one area of experience and applied to another
Domain of experience an area of experience which people borrow meaning and apply it to other areas
Myth a story or narrative that portrays the meanings people give to their experience
Dene Tha tribe in Alberta which believed that learning could only come from experience
Adviasi view the world in a way which humans are bound in social relationship with nature and the supernatural
Ethnocentric Examples
Tourism   comparing the relationships to the nature of North American homeowners to the Dene Tha and the Adivasis
The Dene Tha believed that setting a bedtime for their children is considered an act of irresponsibility on behalf
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Canadian parents
The adivasis were hunter gathers
Chapter 5
Bolded Terms
Sexual silence idea that you are rarely supposed to talk about sex for cultural respect purposes in Mexican families
Machismo code of masculinity, requires the subordination of women but grants sexual freedom to men outside of
monogamous marital relationships
Ethnocentric Examples
Trobriand islands LWZDVRQO\LPSRUWDQWIRUZRPHQWRKDYHPDUULDJHVEHIRUHPDUULDJHEHFDXVHLIWKH\GRWKDYHWKHDELOLW\WRJLYH
their husband s yams then they must give them sex to negotiate their relationships
Men had no role in reproduction
Ju/Hoansi   sexuality was important for the well-being of women
Sexuality maximized independence
Men were the sources of conflict
Chinese family women had to be virgins till marriage
Wife had to give birth hopefully o a son in which she would have to establish a bond with
HIV/AIDS in Mexico
and Brazil not everybody was using condoms
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knew about the risk
Chapter 6
Bolded Terms
Social identity YLHZVWKDWSHRSOHKDYHWKHLURZQDQGRWKHUV¶SRVLWLRQVLQVRFLHW\,QGLYLGXDOVVHHNFRQILUPDWLRQIURPRWKHUVWKDW
they occupy the positions on social landscape that they claim to occupy
Individualistic being your own person, considering oneself to be the same person
Holistic a view of the self in which the individual cannot be conceived of as existing separately from society or apart from
his or her status
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