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Chapter 1

ANT100Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Forensic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Medical Anthropology


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT100Y1
Professor
Janice Boddy
Chapter
1

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Socio-cultural Anthropology Chapter 1
TermsExplanation
Anthropologystudy of human nature, human society and human past
HolisticTrying to fit together all that is known about human beings
Comparative Similarities and differences in as wide a range of human
societies as possible before generalizing about what it means
to be human
EvolutionaryA major branch of anthropology is concerned with the study of
the biological evolution of the human species over time,
including the study of human origins and genetic variety and
inheritance in living human populations.
Biological
anthropologyThat looks at human beings as biological organisms. Biological
anthropologists are interested in many different aspects of
human biology, including our similarities to and differences
from other living organisms
PrimatologistsStudy the closest living relatives of human beings - the
nonhuman primates (chimpanzees and gorillas, for example)
Paleoanthropolo
gistsSpecialize in the study of the fossilized bones and teeth of our
earliest ancestors
Forensic
anthropology
Use their knowledge of human anatomy to aid law-enforcement and
human rights investigators by assisting in the identification of
skeletal material found at crime or accident sites or at sites
associated with possible human rights violations.
Medical
anthropologystudy the factors that contribute to human disease or illness
as well as the ways in which human groups respond to them
Cultural
anthropologyInvestigate how variation in the beliefs and behaviors of
members of different human groups is shaped by culture, sets
of learned behaviors and ideas that human beings acquire as
members of society.
Culturesets of learned behaviors and ideas that human beings acquire
as members of society
Fieldworkanthropologist's personal, long-term experience with a specific
group of people and their way of life
InformantsPeople who share information about their way of life with
anthropologists traditionally
Participants
-observation
fieldworkers gain insight into another way of life by taking part as
fully as they can in a group's social activities as well as by observing
those activities as outsiders
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