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Anthropology (246)
ANT200Y1 (17)
Chapter

Part 2

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT200Y1
Professor
Michael Chazan
Semester
Fall

Description
Part Two Human Evolution Our Place in NatureDarwintheory of evolution begins with the observation that theres significant variety within populationsproposed natural selection acts on variation within populations to favour organisms with traits that were adaptive and after time would lead to new distinct speciesPhylogenySpeciesgroup of organisms that can produce fertile offspring genusgroup of similar species Hominoidsbiological family that includes humans great apes and gibbons Similar genera grouped into families and similar families are grouped into orders Evolution is actually a process of splitting ancestral populations into distinct lineages not linearPhylogenyevolutionary history of speciesreconstructing phylogeny is based on a combination of info from fossils and genetics genetic evidence mostly from living populations SPECIES Homo sapiens All living humans GENUS pl genera Homo Humans and immediate ancestors FAMILY Hominoidea hominoids Humans orangutans gorillas chimpanzees gibbons ORDER PrimatesHominoids monkeys and prosimiansGenetic Evidencentogenygrowth
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