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Mar 4, 2013- 321.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Jacqueline Brunning

Mar. 4, 2013 musical education in ancient Greece Msuical ini ancient Greek culture  paideia education and culture… is mousike  mousike term music but this was larger concept. music and museum are both on the same greek route. museum (musion) and its recalls musuem of alexandria. dedicated to preservation inclluding music and arts and literature and humanities… etc. museum of alexandria= research insitution and library all in one. temple dedicated to muses… musion is thing and lace of all the muses. eventually, there were (cononical … each eventally associated with area of mousike (tragedy… poetry…) not separately from other life activitis.  music and atheletics aristotle-- just like gymnastic training muskie also forms healthy form.. well rounded greek citizen and elite citizen. recall that gymnastic competitio nand training is accompnied by musicla interpretation. this was also  music and war miltiary life… signials, acmponay for marches, etc. man going into battle celebrate victory with songs. the focus of the course is comeptitive… role of music in greek culture is deeper and wider than just competitive than agone mousikoi (greek festival)  agones mousikoi  amateurs and professionals  public and private music  wehther competitive or profression you did music. (greek festival sang songs for gods, weddings, choral songs for loved ones… etc) private occasions (sympisa) recited songs usually solo…. musical war and music connected to sport and accompany manual labor and farmers…. 2 main areas.. chorus and symposium myth and literature  muses (entertained olympian god…)  apoolo's ephithets: musagetes, kitharoidos  dionysus' thiasos  arsyas  hermes, inventor of the lyre  chiron  heracles and linos  the paean in the illiad apollo' kitharoidis (musical designation…something who signs nad accompnies themselves to a lyre.) dioynsus… thiasso includes bacchi and menaed and satyr. music was important in baccic revels… aulous ivented in most ccount by athena, its associated with a satyre… marsias… lyre* was invented by hermes who gave it to apollo. most important musical god. (dionysus… becomes patron god of greek theare and drama) he becomes patron god of professional musicain as a whole. there were mythological and legendary musician.. created by invention of either musical instrument, type of music, particular sogns, etc. just like historical greece, music wasn’t limited to professional. how heroes also practice music… Homer (slide) iliad… as a aristocrat and good men, achieles not expert but feels just as much as home in the world of musicke… trained in music by a centaru CHIRON (tutor of heros). he was famous in greek myth. in cluding jason, peleus, achielles patroklos. addition to music, same tutor in archery….. pericles learned music. thus male aristocratic it’s a must to learn music. in homer, earliest depiction of group where choral is singing. )slide. Paean(song of acheaeans) for greeks of historical period, there were models of cultural in musike. mytholgical divine origin are justification nad explanaition for own practices. Chorus  festivals: hymns, paeans, dithrambs, partheneia  funerals: threnos, linos-song  weddings: hymenaios, epithalamion  victory celebrations;epinician  chorodidaskalos  choragos  achoreutos (a-choral) not by professional but amature citizen. included in competitive events especially the dithramb these were not limited to comeptition and its not a professional to participate in choruses. funeral and weddings… (thranos.. lions-song) sung at funeral… weddings there hymenaios (hym to wedign god hymen) and epithalamion morning after wedding night) realigious hmn: these wedding and funeral ongs were sung by famoily friedns rahter than professionals greeks aprtciiapted chorus by childhood. there are chorus of boys and girls of young men and women and adult men and women. member of greek chorus, you had to sing and dance in complicated rhyne and melodyies. this was difficult activitiy required trainier. dchorodidakalos (trainer, public officila and professional musician himself. chorus was led b choragos (leader, expert member of the chrous. trainer prepare at local religious festival) or other occasion (ceompttive or otherwise). this was important part ways greek conveid themselves. term achoreutos (a- choral) became sysmnonm from brute, cuncilivzed, uneducated… not sharing in education. Symposium  kalokagathos  encomium  skolion  iambics  elegiacs  auletris (flute-girl) aside from eating and drinking,elite men performed music and poetry. a typical scenario, these men recit and chant and sing a little exprt from traditional song in front of their peers and noramlly accompnay himself on the lyre and take turns participating in this way. some of the type of songs were epic poetry (very popular) econmium(praise)skolion (short piece of poetry genre of its own or piece taken from old traiditonal work performed by solo musician with lyre) iambicand elegiac (distingushied by meter… both each had association with subject matter ex. iambic (satyre) elegiacs( associated with lamentation and love theme) there are plenty exception to this general rule. unlike chorus, symposium was a purely male instiution. respectable women didn’t gather here. except women who were courtesans. auletris (flute-girl). musically trained professional who performed service at this party. thus its not just a drinking party. as aristocratic greek male, you mingled, exchnage, bond and share with peers other memebrso of city elites. therefore part of culture kalokagathos (beatuy and nobiltiy) but in this context, it comes to mean nobility* in the sense of upper class/ aristocracy. to fully participate in the symposia, you recall mind, classical poetry and erform correctly . simply not rounded aristocratic men without this skill. not able to share elite culture and be part of soceity
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