Mar. 19, 2013
Municipal charters and life LR 152
charter of Bantia censor … similar to Rome. how serious they took this registration of citizens.
there were harsh punishments for someone who didn’t do it.
charter of tarentum Pyrrhus… remained allied state. text is from after the Social War. here
again, we have regulations. DECURIO (town councillor)* if you are a town councillor, you need
to roof no less than 1500 tiles* need property requirement. other period, during imperial
period to be member of senatorial order, need reuiqrements. (riches) here, the same for
someone who is recognized and accepted member of his society. needed to have a house and
has to do with wealth… all houses are one story, and must be big. regardless of whether house
was high or low…. it should be big. it goes back to ideology of appreciating wealthy… important
in society wants to have power, thus who isnt in the same level, they keep the less individuals
out of it. ideology is also to say that people who don’t have state in society, they cant be trusted.
tablet of heraclea (julian municipal law)--> pg 452 again talking about census. 70-60 BC* law
passed in Rome but then was valleyd in all communities and contains roman legal thought.
sounds complicated… or duplicate things, then the truth is, this is how the romans wanted to
make sure that no ones are left uncovered. into consideration. this is certainly something
adopted in modern legislation. they shouldnt have loop holes… this is what the romans did.
because of this, they developed this legal thinking* methologoy that wasn’t accomplished
before. things collapsed and started again… not just counting citizens in rome but all over italy
there was this order given. you have two months after you are told and they carrying out
happens. and a copy gets stored in Rome.
colony genetiva julia (urso) *presentation*
benefactor of italian town 135-90 BCE at this point in time, orme wanst not the only place in
italy that was beginning to flourish urbanisitcally as far as buildings concern. influences and
import and carry off statues and plunder.. build temples… much impressive. and 2nd C BC… but
this was not a phenonmen that took palce in italy. there are many place that wasn’t far behind
of ROme (local wealth and ppl investing in riches) roads…aquaduct… reservoir…meat market….
one individual.. but he made that much money and was building up his town. the local elite in
many italian towns also had this. how make that money? put this mark put in town. there was a
reward… what was the reward for him? statue** gift of statue on him with inscription that this
was a great guy. while he is still alive, the statue was there but also he reinforce his position in
town. censor twice making him an influential individual. interesting to see that his son was
excempt from military service. (ppl make choices and devote take time)… if you didn’t serve…
Roman ethos.. military service not the only way… early time.. >.< wanted some kind of position
and wealth behind him. wanted it because that’s the only way to be known. in this case, father
and son together. there is an elite out there in itlain town who is wealthy. not always happy to
make rome take all the deicison making. someone was doing this much and with self-
confidence.. ambition thinking its not fair that htye don’t have roman citizenship.
construction work at puteoli 105 BC showing what's going on. a poor town, before the social
war. Rome had this as well. beigning of official condition of colony…
election notices at pompeii, 80 BCE early ex of election that is preserved. it turns out that the
walls were full of them…. painted election notices and most belonged to later peirods just
before 79 CE. but interesting enough, recovered election notices that was 80 BC.
161 caesar's legislation concerning Rome (inscription) there is also in 161, there is caesar's
legislation concerning Rome… many everday issue with city governance… how to clean roads, such issues that shows fairly well developed administration in roman times.. being proven by
when you are allowed to actually come to town with a wagon…. build sacred temples… contract for
demolition.. away from such places. basically during ay time, you are not suppose to drive around rome
and wagons and carriages just because of conjestion issues… too much nois… but anyways… there are
strict lawas about this.
gives glimspse of arrangement of ROme itself when it comes to organize towns itself.
how things were developing in italy in Rome, its time to come back to the war… uprising by rome's allies
in italy. its seirousness is stressed by LR 103*
this is breif account and useful that Rome prevailed. there are other accounts that stresed the nature of
PURPOSE of the war uprising of the social war***
- Aiming for citizenship.
- create own state
- defeat and crush Rome
these three possibilities existed.
Goals of Rome's allies**
1. conquer and destroy Rome
2. be allowed to create a state of their own, as Rome's neighbour
3. become accepted as citizens in the Roman state
this is the patterns..
for us, we are blinded by hindisght… we know Rome continued for 100 years… but the view,.. afteralll
these wars were big deal. the passage read pointed out that consul failed in that war. because
oppoenent were trained soldiers and new roman tactices and roman weapons. many of them felt that
they are not given respect as they should.
there are other passages that belonged to this war and briefly go over those…
under LR 103
91-88BC roman general POMPEIUS STRABO* he was commanding other allies of Rome. in this case,
spanish horsemen. from spain…
this had a lot of number of names… not roman names at all because they were hispanic names. roman
point of view vvery barbaric names. evnetually happened is that Rome needed to deal with this in a
in particular, ETRURIA and UMBRIA (region at norht of Rome) and they didn’t join and Rome was
worried that they would join… if they too joined the rebellion, it would've been difficult for Rome. thus
to prevent this, there was a eicison made that citizenship or certainly roman citizenship in 90 BC julian
law granted full citizenship who didn’t revolt. (strabo did this)
etruria and umbira… didn’t have to fight for it, they were given and eventually Rome had to grant same .
COIN: bull killing wolf… yung cow that indicates symobl of italian… and wolve if Roman symbol.. this is a
bellicose image they put on their coins. indication that you have a state*** t here are other coins that
was Italia, and head of women represeting italia… representatives of all the allied ppl, 6 on one side, 6
on another swearing an oath. these images are given schoalrs foundation for defeat and crush interpretation. the truht is, schoalrs presetned different various interepretation of what they were really
we are moving on to our next subject… subjet belongs to the last class which was Cornielisu Sulla.*
Roman general during next 12 years. (marius nad sulla known as great antagonists)
LR 104 and 135 containing action he carried out. sulla became famous during war against jrgtha 106 BC.
manage to caputre the median king in nort afrcia. marius commander in chief in roman chief. but got
glory when he caputre jugurtha. both men ambitious. for a while sulla was said to be disappeared
because marius became great hero defeating invaders in the north (cambrian tuetones) but then, they
were invovled in the war aaainst the allies. and then, sulla comes again to the forefront when Rome
actually was being attached in 88* by MITHRIDATES VI aka THE GREAT** Rome occupied in dealing with
allies in italy… many town in asia minor… traders were a target… ROmans killed 80 000???* because
that large number f roman citiznes couldve been living there atm. a blood bath.. rome's influence was
extinguished in asia minor. mithradates' general successful and moved over to moddern greece.. that’s
where war was carried out. Rome had to intervene and send force/army to deal with it. first senate
didn’t nominate sulla as commander. sulla had his own army (still under weapon) and put himself and
decide to march in order to make himself commander. this was quiet unusal intervention in Roman
political life. commander with socilder march to Rome and force authority to give him power and