Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSG (10,000)
EAS (60)
all (10)
Chapter 25

EAS105H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 25: Guild Socialism, New Life Movement, Li Dazhao


Department
East Asian Studies
Course Code
EAS105H1
Professor
all
Chapter
25

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Chapter 25 War and Revolution, China (1927-1949)
The Chinese Communist Party
- 13 delegates met in July 1921 to form the Chinese Communist party as a secret,
exclusive, and centralized party
- The party broke with the anarchists and guild socialists and asserted the primacy of class
struggle
- On March 32,as the Nationalist army neared Shanghai, the Communist-led General
Labor Union called for general strike
Over six hundred thousand workers responded and seized the city
By 1927, Soviet advisers had withdrawn from the Nationalist army, and the United
Front was over
Party membership, which had reached about sixty thousand in April 1927,
plummeted to fewer than ten thousand within the year
Mao Zengdongs Emergence as a Party Leader
- Mao Zengdong
Joined student demonstrations against the Qing government and cut off his queue
in 1911
His teacher who had the greatest impactYang Changjigot Mao a job as a clerk in
the library at Beijing University, which made him a subordinate of Li Dazhao
It was not until 1920, he showed particular interest in Marxism
In July 1921 first meeting of the Community party, he was delegate and appointed
to build up the party in Hunan and develop ties to labor unions
In early 1923, he joined Nationalist party
In Feb 1927, Mao submitted a highly positive report to the Communist party on the
revolution among the peasants in Hunan
In the mountain area that Maos forces controlled, he pushed through an extreme
form of land reform, redistributing all the land of the rich and requiring all the
physically able to work
Lstudet of rural life in Xunwu County to learn more about how a party could be build
on a peasant base
The Nationalist Government in Nanjing
- 1928, the Nationalists gained the allegiance of 3 key warlords to reunite the country
- Established its capital at Nanjing
- Men who had studied in Western countries were appointed to many key government
posts, and progressive policies were adopted, such as a new land law limiting rents,
allowing women to initiate divorce, etc
- Foreign concessions were reduced from 33 to 13, and extraterritoriality was eliminated
for some minor countries
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version