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FAH245H1 Chapter Notes -Willem De Kooning, Adobe Freehand, Light-Independent Reactions

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Department
Art
Course Code
FAH245H1
Professor
Mark Cheetham

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Pollock
*Drawing, 1938 (1)
-surrealism
-dreamlike
-freehand, figurative
-distorted
-late 40’s/50’s: reintroducing figurative, break from Drip painting
*“old masters”, school of Paris; Picasso, Matisse, Miro ect., yet still innovative*
Matisse
*Still Life with Shell, 1940 (2)
-South France, back to early motifs
*Mimosa, 1951
-couldn’t paint due to health
-“cut into colour” (coloured paper cut and collaged)
-natural world, still life
*Icanes (Jazz), 1947
-interaction of music and art (Mondrian, Kandinsky)
Picasso
*Bull’s Head,1943 and Death’s Head,1944
-focus on assemblage (bull’s)
-dark
-reaction to carnage (killing of large number of ppl.) surrounding (wwII)
*Painter and Model, 1928
-reference to art works (of his own and others)
-explores relationship b/w artist and image of depiction
* Las Meninas, 1957 (4)
-reference to Picasso’s current status as an artist
-Las Meninas (The Maids of Honour),1656 Diego Velázquez (3)
-image of status of art, showing importance of art and artists (questioning art and its
importance during and after time of war
-looking at Western art and challenging it and it’s traditions
-“trivial” in comparison to war
Dubuffet
*Olympia, 1950 (1 next page)
-wipe slate clean
1940-49 Lecture 6- October 17, 2012
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-non-academic, non-traditional
-no more niceties
*L’art Brut Art; “brutal”, raw, anti-(high)culture*
-degree of humor, mocking, playful
*Les Metafisyx, 1950
-thick, heavy
-scored, scarred
-not beautiful (which is what art “should” be)
-fundamental, basic
-offensive
Cobra; Copenhagen, Brussels, Amsterdam, 1948-1951
*After Us, Liberty, 1949, Constant (Constant A. Nieuwenhuys)
*St. John’s Eve II, Asger Jorn
-“Beautiful, ugly, impressive, disgusting, meaningless, grim, contradictory etc … It makes no
difference, as long as it is life, vigorously pouring forth.”
-Jorn, 1944
-(If the image was sketched onto the canvas and spontaneously drawn, colour would often be
restrained and unfree... The most important and the most difficult liberation process we went
through, the one that has distinguished our art, was the freeing of colour, the transition to a
painterly spontaneity.)
-harmony of purpose, no matter how hard or disgusting
*Abstract Impressionism working in parallel to L’art Brut
*Surrealist Map of the World, 1929 (2)
-depicting “most important” countries of
surrealist movement
-North-East coast of Alaska: “primitivism”
Queen Charlotte, Indigenous =
Impact on surrealist movement
*migration (caused by WWII) to U.S. = headquarters of surrealist movement (N.Y.C.)*
-important figures in Surrealist movement: Ernst, Dali, Du Champ, Matta, Andre Breton
Ernst
*Day and Night, 1942
-difference in tone-ality
1940-49 Lecture 6- October 17, 2012
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