GGR124H1 Chapter Notes -Federal Housing Administration, Precarious Work, Subprime Lending

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Published on 9 Dec 2011
School
UTSG
Department
Geography
Course
GGR124H1
Professor
Study Terms
Postindustrial Urbanism
Deindustrialization and the movement of production
New economy and precarious work
Postindustrial urban landscape
Steel belt [traditional industrial heartland and was the core of the
US economy] to the rustbelt [massive job losses as production
moved offshore and west]
Curitiba, Brazil
Brought out importance of putting land use and transport
together
Colour coded the buses to make it easier for elders, tourists and
children to ride the transit
Integrated outer city and inner city buses together
Buses had their own lanes which allowed them to be more
efficient and faster
Accessible to everyone; colour coded and easy for wheelchair
people to board them; faster because you paid before you
boarded
Skytrain
Vancouver public transit
Securitization of urban space?
Armed bus drivers
Urban securitization
First city in north America to have an armed transit force
Raises questions about the effects of security; sometimes it
creates more anxiety for the things it is trying to solve
‘Monster Homes’
Associated with the new class of business immigrants who came
in the 80’s and 90’s
Large size homes with garden space converted into indoor space
and are very aesthetically appealing
Upset popular stereotypes of poor immigrants
Complaints by local residents
In Surrey, BC, council decided to limit the size of homes and
some complained that it wasn’t fair and the bylaw had racial
overtones
Physical Restructuring
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Rapid growth of world city populations fueled by international
immigration and domestic migration
Physical growth of cities; large sizes
Gentrification of formerly industrial areas, downtowns, and
waterfronts, and displacement of poorer populations to the
declining inner suburbs
Restrictive Covenants
Used to protect land from particular users or uses
Protect land from heavy industry and environmental destroyers
Arose when it became illegal for certain municipalities to zone
race because cities and towns used zoning to restrict black
people from certain neighbourhoods
Would tell owners what would and wouldn’t happen on the land
‘Ghetto’
Inhabited by a minority group
Spatially concentrated area where ethnicity is combined with
class
Residents are excluded from the mainstream of economic life
Push and Pull factors
Points System
Judges immigrants on qualifications such as language and skills
Attempts to remove explicit discrimination and prejudice
Shifts patterns of immigration from Europe to Asia
Infrastructure
Physical and social
Infrastructure in relation to the automobile/space and how
infrastructure is created around the automobile
Social infrastructure and how it has changed urban governance
Benefits of social infrastructure like hospitals, YMCA, etc
Precarious Employment
Associated with post-industrial urbanism
Rise of the new service-based economy [serving people instead
of making stuff]
Poor benefits, low wages, high health risks, non unionized,
usually part-time, shift-work and temporary, radicalized,
gendered and often stigmatized and often done by immigrants
7th Ward
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Document Summary

Postindustrial urbanism: deindustrialization and the movement of production, new economy and precarious work, postindustrial urban landscape, steel belt [traditional industrial heartland and was the core of the. Us economy] to the rustbelt [massive job losses as production moved offshore and west] Curitiba, brazil together: brought out importance of putting land use and transport, colour coded the buses to make it easier for elders, tourists and children to ride the transit. In surrey, bc, council decided to limit the size of homes and some complained that it wasn"t fair and the bylaw had racial overtones. Inhabited by a minority group: spatially concentrated area where ethnicity is combined with, residents are excluded from the mainstream of economic life. Judges immigrants on qualifications such as language and skills: attempts to remove explicit discrimination and prejudice, shifts patterns of immigration from europe to asia.

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