Notes simplified from textbook! (pg 44-46)

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29 May 2011
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[PHL201: EXAM NOTES LECTURE 2]
1
THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
BY SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS
SUMMA THEOLOGICA, QUESTION 2, ARTICLE 1
AGAINST THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT
1. Now that we understand the meaning of the word ‘God, therefore God exists
2. God’ or ‘perfection’ literally means: that than which nothing greater can be
meant or thought
3. Since existence in thought and fact is greater than existence in thought alone,
4. If God exists in our thoughts, he must also exist in fact
5. Reply to these statements:
a.Some people have believed God to be a body
b. Some peoples may not understand it to mean ‘that than which nothing
greater can be meant
c.But then, nothing thus defined the existence of God
SUMMA THEOLOGICA, QUESTION 2, ARTICLE 3
WHETHER GOD EXISTS
1. Objection 1:
a.If we meantGod’ as ‘something limitlessly good’
b. Therefore, nothing would be bad
c.But there are bad things in the world
d. Therefore, God does not exist
2. Reply to Objection 1:
a.Since God is supremely good
b. He would allow bad things to exist in the world only if He were so
powerful and good that He could even bring good out of bad
c.Indicator of God’s infinite goodness
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