Berbeo reading Notes
•Inequality has increased through the years
•Inequality is the condition of being unequal as regards command of any sources
•Empirist write about inequality with modifiers:
1. Will the rise of democracy decrease economic inequality?
•Democratization: it is a redistribution game
•Economic inequality has been rising since the 1990s, period where most
countries turn to democracy.
•High economic inequality harms the quality of democracy.
•Economic inequality is a potential threat to the durability of democratic
•Usually elites are the ones who are favored from the new laws created by
•Bad governance is frequently associated with high levels of inequality
often creates a bad investment environment.
2. Reversing economic inequality:
•Poverty has been a more problematic matter compared to inequality in
•Another problem is that according to recent studies, people in developing
countries have claimed to want larger benefits rather than equally
*Elites are often associated with the spread of supporting this way of
thinking on the people.
3. Reversing democracy:
•Economic inequality by itself will never be of any democracy collapse, yet
it can be stated as a rationale for a regimen change
•Studies have shown that countries in Latin America with populist leaders
have demonstrated a decrease in their level of inequality such as Ecuador
•There are two main barriers for groups that want to challenge a
government in a democratic nation.
->They could face economic sanctions and penalties by international
-> The creation of these groups is not as easy as it was during the cold
war. People who once supported authoritarian regimes have realized that
they enjoyed more benefits from a democratic government.