Study guide question #3: chapter four, the novel is written about italians for italians, therefore, when a chapter is present with nothing related to italy, it is up to the reader to apply. First of three chapters to focus on governing and maintaining principalities. Chapter 3: advice is given to the french king, on how to conquer italy, the church keeps italy divided. Chapter 5: romans went wrong by being too nice to people, first tried to respect greek cities, resulting in greeks still rebelling. Three romes: classical rome, 1800 years ago, contemporary rome (catholic church, successful in its own way, machiavelli"s rome. What makes the romans so great: machiavelli says that the romans see problems from afar and solve it there before it continues, always proactive, unlike the french who are not. Machiavelli on morality and christianity: attacks morality in a broader sense by saying it may be weak.