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Chapter 11

POL208Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Nations Of Nineteen Eighty-Four, Xenophobia


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL208Y1
Professor
Seva Gunitsky
Chapter
11

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Disillusioned
"consolidated" democracy: alternate systems does not seem possibility at all
No longer afraid of upsetting profitable system
Majority does not rule
Increase in rich that feel targeted by system --> unfairly taxed / treated
Citizens feel does not listen to them
End relationship between money and legislative redistributive policies
Rising expectations are not met
Abuse of power --> unpopular practices
Massive decline in trust of democracy
Foa and Mounk (2015) “Across the Globe, a Growing Disillusionment with
Democracy.” The New York Times. (4p)
Us attempt to halt / marginalize Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
China's size, wealth, and assertive foreign policy creates significant
institutional power, but they are not seeking to disrupt the whole order
Massive rise in power
Leverage to demand greater say
Mao isolated the country
Now they often adapt from internal institutions
US sought to pre-empt political challenge from China
China acts as a free-rider --> Afghanistan
Does not subscribe to liberal norms and sought to inject their
values
Has supported competitors of existing groups / pacts (BRICS)
Results in less influence from liberal Western / European
China wants increased representation --> they have the second
largest economy
Reform
Asian countries are also opposing US influence
China often has support of India --> counter Western led institutions
Belt/Road initiative --> focus on "Asia" as opposed to "Asia Pacific"
More Integrated Asia
No other US alternative
Existing structures were insufficient
Misjudged
Picked wrong battle
US should not have opposed
AIIB
Should not force allies into binary choices if not vital to national
security
US will lose influence over investment, labour, environment, and
technology regulations
Defense
China and the World: Dealing with a Reluctant Power
Selections from “Out of Order? The Future of the International System.” Foreign
Affairs January 2017. (16p)
11: From the Global to the Local
29-Nov-17
10:00 AM
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technology regulations
Help to set agenda
Japan has increased influence because they are pursuing
investment partnerships
US seems to be abandoning TPP - should supplement instead
If don't incorporate, will turn elsewhere
Ad hoc state groups to work on specific issues outside systems
formal architecture
If reject all Chinese initiatives, they will be fighting geography and
economics
Technology
Innovation
Global connections
Should exploit US strengths
Global role of maintaining international order
Unjust
Price they pay for globalization
China
Russia
Dissatisfied countries
Organizations, treaties, informal meetings, norms
UN: International community to ratify joint action
Boosted trade
Stabilized economy
Avoided arms races
House we Built
Stable protector, ultimate authority
Fosters democratic systems, free market reforms
2 views
Follow as they see fit
US
Looks like the US uses the system to validate their own
position
System undermined when lead actors do not conform to
behavioural expectations
China and Russia feel they have genuinely tried to join and been
rejected
Not So Liberal Order
Inequalities
Perceived loss of sovereignty
Populist uprisings
Resentment towards supranational organizations
Turning xenophobic
Nationalist
CAN change policy --> Brexit
All the Rage
US will have to embrace a more diverse order
Harder to isolate enemies as in the Cold War --> economic influence
cannot be denied
Universal and major-power-centric
Develop different and overlapping forms
Mix It Up
The Once and Future Order: What Comes After Hegemony
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