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Chapter 3

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 3 The Democratic Recession Primer - 1999 military overthrew Pakistani’s constitutional democracy after a decade of deepening political corruption - Single most serious reverse in the third wave - Largest country to breakdown since 1974 - Military was praised for saving the state - Causes for breakdown a) justice system and rule of law had deteriorated b) country was polarized along ethnic and religious lines= violence c) economic failure and injustice Third wave reversals  all 3 governments derive revenue from oil experts RUSSIA - Yeltsin presidency concentrated power eventually failed in his 2 term when he then turned his position in his political party power to Putin who won the election - But Putin ruthlessly centralized power by eliminating elected heads in legislature and then forcing owners of mass media into exile - Since the seizure in 2003 of the TVS television network, Russia now only has media networks controlled by the government - Putin has gone on to fraudulently imprison wealthy business men, journalists, and anyone standing in his way - He has ordered the abolishment of popular election of governors in 89 regions of Russia VENEZUELA - when oil priced declined in the 1980s the living standard decreased - Chávez spread around more cash buying up support and undermining civil society in the face of political trouble NIGERA - in 2003 the election was rigged by issuing 10 million voter cards, opposition voters were denied registration, local government elections were prevented - instead of local governments, 36 governors from Obasanjo’s party were appointed caretakers of local committees - the danger of voting eventually discouraged people from voting in an already rigged election - people did not want to return to military rule so they would have
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