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What was Communism.doc

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL101Y1
Professor
Joseph Wong
Semester
Fall

Description
What was Communism? A Retrospective in Comparative Analysis - five competing paradigms of communist behaviour 1. the paradigm of totalitarianism that saw communism as a drive for total  domination is response to social marginality and psychological strain 2. the paradigm of charismatic Salvationism that presented communism as a  movement in pursuit of utopian objectives forced to adapt over time to “hard”  economic and political realities  3. the paradigm of modernization that saw communism as a radical strategy of  industrialization and economic development 4. a paradigm of political development in which the party appears as the agent fro  creating a viable political community in a competitive system of states 5. the bureaucratic paradigm that sought to define communism as an alternative  model of economic allocation and social redistribution, competing with systems  of allocation based on the market and traditional cultural norms - sixth paradigm emerged slowly, referred to as the “externally oriented state”  based on the principle of foreign policy - the capitalist world economy was a single, interdependent system that like a chain  would break if and when one of its links was exceedingly weak  - Bolsheviks rejected the idea of an internal design for reform and development for  an externally oriented strategy of reconstructing the existing world order by  means of revolutionary violence  - (1965) for the first time in modern history a movement of the radical left could  claim to have the key to absolute wisdom in overriding the principles of popular  government 
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