PSY240H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Cognitive Restructuring, Attention Seeking, Phallic Stage

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25 Oct 2012
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PSY240H1 Full Course Notes
PSY240H1 Full Course Notes
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Current paradigms and the role of cultural factors. May 13, 2008: paradigm: a set of basic assumptions, a general perspective, that defines who to conceptualize and study a subject, how to gather and interpret relevant data, even how to think about a particular subject. The biological paradigm it is a continuation of the somatogenic hypothesis (mental disorders are caused by irregular biological processes aka. Medical model or disease model the germ theory was once very pervasive but then it was found that it cannot account for all diseases (ex. Hall"s removed ovarian cysts or the whole ovary to treat melancholia, mania, and delusions. There are research supporting heredity having to increase the risk of certain mental disorders and may result from a chemical imbalance within the brain (depression), defect within the autonomic nervous system (anxiety disorder) and impairment in brain structure (dementia) In each case, the psychopathology is viewed as caused by the disturbance of some biological process.