CH16 – CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY – INCOMPLETE – PAGE 728
What is Culture?
Information Transmitted through Learning o ratio of cerebral cortex to brain volume
o Imitative or social learning group dynamics
shared and unique aspects of culture social learning
o cultural learning in other species communication skills
o human cultural learning theory of mind
development of tools
Accumulating cultural information
What is Cultural Psychology?
The study of how culture shapes psychological processes o universal and culturally specific psychologies
o interaction between people and information o generalizability of research findings
o individuality and belongingness
How does culture affect the mind?
o language development
Universal behaviors, reactions, and institutions
o sex, gender, and the family o acculturation
o social differentiation aging and cultural differences in psychological processes
o social customs o cultural differences increase with age
o emotion correspondence bias/fundamental attribution error
o cognition dispositional and situational attribution
culture and mind are inextricably bound culture and variation in self-concept
o interaction of the mind and the individual o self-concept in individualistic and collectivistic cultures
interaction of mind and culture cultural variation in brain activity
culture and education interdependent and independent self-construal
sensitive period for learning culture post decisional dissonance
What are the psychological consequences of moving to a different culture?
acculturation requires significant adjustment CULTURAL DISTANCE – the disparity in customs,
o ACCULTURATION – the process of adaptation to a culture different traditions, beliefs, and general heritage between two
from one’s own. cultures.
psychological adjustment CULTURAL FIT – The degree to which one’s values and
U-SHAPED CURVE – in psychology, a pattern of behavioral norms align with those common to another
acculturation, characterized by three phases: the culture.
“honeymoon stage”, “crisis” or “culture shock”, and o Discrimination and minority cultural backgrounds
“adjustment” stereotype threat
honeymoon stage o multicultural people can switch between different selves
CULTURE SHOCK (CRISIS) STAGE – The feelings of FRAME-SWITCHING – The shifting of thoughts and behaviors to
anxiety, estrangement, helplessness, and those appropriate for a given cultural context.
incongruousness with one’s surroundings that often o on ethics: multicultural vs. culture-blind workplaces
follow emigration to a new cultural environment. o multicultural people may be more creative
adjustment stage creativity and adapting to different cultures
How Does Culture affect how we think and behave?
Cultures differ in analytic and holistic thinking Cultures dif