Textbook Notes (369,099)
Canada (162,378)
Psychology (2,981)
PSY220H1 (200)
Chapter 11

Summary of Chapter 11 (Attraction) , Also added Plaks' lecture stuff (only the stuff he mentioned)

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Jason Plaks

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PSY220H1 SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY CHAPTER 11 NOTES ATTRACTION AND INTIMACY -need to belonga motivation to bond with others in relationships that provide ongoing, positive interactions -being ostracized (excluded or ignored) activates physical pain areas in the brain, i.e. ostracism is real pain -do humans and other animals have built in sociostats? (two experiments) Latane & Werner (1978) -Found that rats were more likely to approach other rats after a period of isolation and were less likely to approach other rats after a long period of contact. OConnor & Rosenblood (1996) 1) Asked college students to wear beepers for four days 2) Whenever beeper went off, subjects wrote down whether they were alonewith others and whether they wanted to be alonewith others. -Results: -Students were in the state they desired 23 of the time. -When they werent, they were extremely likely to be in their desired state the next time they were beeped -evidence of self-regulationour built in sociostats? What Leads to Friendship and Attraction? (Four Factors) 1) Proximity -proximitygeographical nearnessit powerfully predicts liking Interaction -not just geographical distance but also functional distancehow often peoples paths cross -interaction allows people to explore their similarities, sense one anothers liking and to perceive themselves as a social unit -repeated exposureinfatuation fixes on someone who has roughly similar characteristics and who reciprocates our affection www.notesolution.comAnticipation of Interaction -merely anticipating interaction boosts liking -study: women given ambiguous info about two other women (one of whome they expected to talk with intimately), when asked which individual they liked more, they preferred the woman they expected to meet -adaptive phenomenonanticipatory liking increases the chance of a rewarding relationship Mere Exposure -mere-exposure effectthe tendency for novel stimuli to be liked more or rated more positively after the rater has been repeatedly exposed to them -eg. people prefer the letters that appear in their own names (or frequently in their own languages) -seems counterintuitive, but not reallysee unless the repetitions are incessant, liking will increase -stronger effect when people perceive stimuli without awareness -adaptive significancehelped our ancestors categorize people and things as either familiar and safe or unfamiliar and possibly dangerous -advertises and politicians exploit this Moreland & Beach (1982) -Selected four women to be confederates. a) One woman: simply had her picture taken nd b) 2 woman: attend a large social psych class, much like this one, 5 times over the course of a semester c) 3 woman: -- 10 times over the course of the semester d) 4thwoman: -- 15 times over the course of the semester -At the end of the semester, members of the class given the four photographs and asked to rate physical attractiveness, popularity, honesty, intelligence. Results: -more exposuremore liked (The liked the woman that attended the class the most) 2) Physical Attractiveness Attractiveness and dating www.notesolution.com
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