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PSY220H1 (200)
Chapter 12

Chapter 12

10 Pages

Course Code
Jennifer Fortune

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Chapter 12 Helpful Social Behaviour HELPING BEHAVIOURHelpingbehaviour that is intended to assist another personhelper perceives aid is needed Prosocial behaviourany action providing benefits to othersincludes helping as well as actions not necessarily intended to assist others ex being honest not cheating in games Types of HelpingFour basic categories of helping behaviours Casual helpingex lending a pen giving someone a snack answering a quick question y y Emergency helpingex returning a wallet offer assistance after an accidentinjurySubstantial personal helpingdoing anothers laundry sending homemade food y Emotional helpinggiving moral support comforting someoneyCasual and emergency typically involve strangers where as substantial and emotional typically involve familyfriends potentially more difficult to performPearce and Amato identified 3 major dimensions along with helping behaviours vary Degree to which helping is planned or formal vs spontaneous or informalex chaperoning 1 students to the zoo is planned well in advance but giving directions to a stranger on the street is done spontaneously Seriousness of the problemex giving someone change to make a call is not very serious 2 but giving help to a heart attack victim is very serious Distinction bw giving what you have and doing what you canex when you donate 3 money youre providing help by giving what you can when you break up a fight youre providing help by doing what you canCasualtypically unplanned not serious can involve either giving what you can ex giving money to a street musician or doing what you can ex opening the door for someoneEmergencyusually unplanned serious always involves doing what you can Substantialtypically planned often serious can involve either giving or doing Emotionalusually planned involves doing what you can can be serious or not seriousAltruism versus Egoism Help Others and Help YourselfWhen you help others you feel good about yourselfHelping is associated with rewards and other positive outcomes not helping with punishments and other negative outcomesEgoistic motivationmotive for helping in order to obtain rewards or avoid punishmentsoutcome may help another but helpers true motivation is to gain some benefit for the selfHelping Others for Others SakeAltruistic motivationmotive for helping purely for the sake of providing benefit to another personhelping motivated out of concern for anothers welfare not to benefit yourself
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