Textbook Notes (368,780)
Canada (162,164)
Psychology (2,981)
PSY220H1 (200)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5 Notes

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Jennifer Fortune

Chapter 5 J The Person in the Situation: Self-Concept, Gender, and Dispositions Dispositions ]L]]oZ[ }LZ]ZL ]Z }ZZ]KLZ]L2Z]LZ ]] }o]L27Z}2Z7 andor action, which make individuals different from other ppl E.g. individual students respond very differently to the same exam result Self-esteem ]Z}Z]]}LZZLZo[ZE2KLZ}Z]}L}Z]LZZ Much of what is thought of as being human has to do with self-reflection; underscores the importance of the self as a psychological construct Self-conceptall info about the self in memory (e.g. past behaviour, beliefs about current qualities, expectations for the future, etc) Identity the characteristics that individuals think define them and make up their most important qualities Where do elements of identity come from? How do we come to see ourselves in a particular way? 1) Social comparison we compare ourselves to other ppl to evaluate and define ourselves 2) Self-perception we infer attitudes and feelings directly from our own experiences and behaviour Changes over time and settings reflect that only limited portions of the self-concept can be accessible at L2]LK}KL]L]K~:2:}[ZL}L}}Z Z}}o7]2Zl}L}y to practice) Spontaneous self-concept the aspects of identity that are in conscious awareness at a given point in time; changes in response to personal and situation factors The accessibility of a particular feature of the self will depend on how recently it has been activated (priming) Another variable that influences the spontaneous self-concept is the distinctiveness of a feature in a ] oZ]L2:2:}KL[ZZo-concept is more likely to include her sex when she is the only girl in a group Social identity theory (Henri Tajfel) a model hypothesising that ppl want to have a +ve appraisals of 2}Z}Z] ZZo}L28L]K}L }K}LL}]L]]oZ[]L] }KZ}KZ]2} memberships When ppl are given the chance to distribute resources bween members of their ingroup and members of the outgroup, they systematically favour their ingroup ingroup favouritism; over estimatorunder estimator study www.notesolution.com
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