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PSY240 - Chp4 Summary

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY240H1
Professor
Ian Spence
Semester
Winter

Description
PSY240 chapter 4Assessing and Diagnosing AbnormalitiesAssessment is the process of gathering information about peoples symptoms and the possible causes of those symptomsassessment is used to determine the appropriate diagnosis for a persons problemDiagnosis is a label attached to a set of symptoms that then to occur togetherwhen we gather information we look at 3 types of informationsymptoms and history physiological and neurophysiological factors and sociocultural factors symptoms and historyask about current symptoms including their severityhow symptoms affect persons ability to function know how person is coping with stress of hisher life want to know about recent events see whether symptoms are related to those eventsknow history of psychological problems use of alcohol or drugswant to know the family history of disorders it may be generic as many disorders appear to have genetic roots physiological and neurophysiological factorseven if clint is assessed for psychological symptoms it is still an good idea to obtain a physical examination to determine if there are any medical conditions that can create psychological symptoms psychological disorders dont have definitive biological testsneed to know if client is taking any legal or illegal drugs as it can induce psychological symptomsoften assess cognitive functioning and intellectual abilities which both is relevant to making a differential diagnosisa determination of which of several possible disorders an individual may have sociocultural factorsask about social resourcesnumber of friends and family members and quality of relationships as social isolation can make it more difficult for people to overcome psychological problemsobtain sociocultural background for immigrants specific culture they were raised years they have been in this country what brought them here to escape warseek better workhelpful to know persons socioeconomic status and occupation in their homeland contrast of occupations can be a source of difficulty before lawyer now cleanerAcculturation is the extent to which a person identifies with his or her group of origin and its culture or with the dominant mainstream culture
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