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Chapter 5

chapter 5 world religion .doc

2 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Walid Saleh

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World Religion: Chapter 5 pg 197-227 Celibacy: - rationalists for priestly celibacy: - practical benefit from the freedom of the responsibilities of parenthood and marriage - spiritual benefit from of surmounting worldly desires PopesandPrinces: -ecclesiastical appointments could be bought and sold: princes could confer their own offices of abbots and bishops on their own nominees and even the bishopric -theory of the 2 swords means that the pope is given the sword of spiritual power and temporal power Crusades: - series of military campaigns spanning 2 centuries: latin christians from western Europe attempted to recover jerusalem from muslim control - crusade brought out the best and the worst in people; valor and devotion and violence and greed Sainthood: - saints: collectively came be regarded as a kind of a heavenly senate or honor society FigureofMary: - Christian Saint Mary was the mother of Jesus Immaculate Conception: according to which she herself was born without the stain of original sin - model of purity and and incorruptibility of devotion and fidelity Evil,DevilandAngels: - belief in evil spirits and angels is universal - angels: created not eternal and to have will but no emotion - devil started as an angel but that through pride he tried to take over God’s role and fell from grace Sin: - Venial sin: could be forgiven - Mortal sin: so serious as to deprive the soul of God’s grace- committed both knowingly and willfully - even mortal sins can be forgiven: as long as the sinner confesses to a priest who could prescribe penance and offer absolution - 7 deadly sins: pride, covetousness,lust,envy,gluttony,anger,wrath and sloth - 7 virtues: wisdom, courage, temperance, justice, faith, hope and love - a virtue used for survival is conformity ScholasticPhilosophy: - scholasticism :means different things to different people- it is described as the work of the clergy in the schools that is the medieval universities - early scholastic teaching: scholastics were seeking to distill and summarize scripture and arrive at rational grasp of it’s meaning Anselm: - Ontological Argument: finds it implied in the very idea of God characterizing God as a being greater to which nothing can be conceived ImmanuelKant: - objection: existence is not a description or predicate
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