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Chapter 2

RLG100Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Syncretism, Teleological Argument, Transubstantiation


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay
Chapter
2

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Chapter 3 – The Christian Tradition
Advent: the beginning of the Christian liturgical year, a period including the four Sundays immediately
preceding Christmas
Apostles:the first generation of Jesus’ followers
Atonement: Christs restoration of humanity to a right relationship with God, variously interpreted as divine
victory over demonic power, satisfaction of divine justice, or demonstration of a moral
example.
Baptism: sprinkling with or immersion in water, the ritual by which a person is initiated into membership
in the Christian community. Baptism is considered a cleansing from sin
Bishop:the supervising priest of an ecclesiastical district called a diocese
Canon:a standard; a scriptural canon is the list of books acknowledges as scripture; the list of
acknowledged saints is likewise a canon. Canon law is the accumulated body of Church
regulations and discipline. Clergy subject to the rule of a particular cathedral or congregation
are also sometimes termed canons.
Charismatic:characterized by spiritual gifts such as glossolalia
Christ: the Greek translation of the Hebrew word for messiah,anointed”
Conversion:spiritual rebirth, accompanied by certainty of divine forgiveness and acceptance
Cosmological
Argument: an argument that infers the existence of God from the fact of creation, based on the assumption
that every effect must have a cause and that there cannot be an infinite regress of causes
Creeds:brief formal statements of doctrinal belief, often recited in unison by congregations. The
Apostles’ Creed was in use by the 3rd c and is widely used in worship services. The Nicene
Creed, named for the Council of Nicaea (325 CE), is longer and more explicit and it recited in
Catholic Eucharistic services
Crucifix: a cross with an image of the suffering Jesus mounted on it
Ecumenism: the movement for reunion or collaboration between previously separate branches of Christianity
Eucharist: the ritual re-enactment of Jesus’ sacrifice of himself, patterned after his sharing of bread and
wine as his body and blood at the final Passover meal with his disciples. Orthodox Christians
term it the liturgy, Catholics the mass, and Protestants the Lord’s Supper or Holy Communion
Evangelical:in Germany, a name for the Lutheran Church; in the English – speaking world, a description of
conservative Protestants with a confident sense of the assurance of divine grace and the
obligation to preach it.
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