Required Readings October 22.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses
Carly Manion

Making Sense of Religious Studies by Northey (147 - 52) 1. What do marks like "A", "B" and "C" mean? What are some useful strategies for processing paper marks, in your personal reflection and your work with instructional staff?  C: reasonably satisfactory work - limited evidence of original thinking; clear but uninspiring expression  B: Good, competent - some original thinking, careful organization  A: Outstanding excellent - strong evidence of original thinking The Catholic Church: A Brief Popular History (195 - 216) 1. Who were Bernard of Clairvaux and Hildegard of Bingen, and how do they represent a form of Christian enquiry different from that of the later scholastics?  Bernard of Clairvaux and Hildegard of Bingen - abbot and abbess vocotion led away from world but right back in  Bernard of Clairvaus: preacher, pope/bishop advisor o Preaching tour, support for Crusades, went against the heresies (exp. Cathars), claimed Innocent ll as pope o Wrote the Rule for the Kights Templar o Faith in monastic and mysticism + theology  Hildegard of Bingen: Had visions since the age of 3 o Wrote the Scivias composed of teachings on sacraments, monastic views, history and morals accepted by Pope Eugenius o Exchange advice between popes, emperors (presents God as feminine) Scholastics: using reason and logic for theology 2. What was Thomas Aquinas's great accomplishment? In what sense did it build on the prior accomplishments of Anselm and Peter Abelard, and in what sense did it go beyond them?  Anslem: Father of scholastic, ontological argument  Abelard: 12 CE philosopher and theologian (everything check against revealed truth), different contradictions of what ppl. said and compile it called Sic et Non (attacked by Bernard)  Thomas Aquinas: Summa Theologica copied Abelard's Sic et Non approach but modified it by representing all views than refuting it one by one 3. What is the origin of the modern university? How did this development transform education in the medieval period?  Labor union of teachers and students; getting reasonable prices without price-fixing  Peter Abelard began some universities  Mostly lectures with teacher seated and students copy lecture pages one by one with debates no essay Were Medieval Universities Catholic? by John W. O' Malley 1. What were the four major faculties of the medieval university? In what sense were (or were not) such universities "Catholic"?  Four Major Faculties: o Law, medicine, theology and "ar
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