Required Readings October 10-17.docx

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St. Michael's College Courses
Carly Manion

The Catholic Church: A Brief Popular History (131-94, 219-25) 1. Who were Leo I and Gregory I, and how did each contribute to the consolidation and articulation of papal authority in the Western Church?  Leo lll: Argued against having paintings in Iconoclasm  Gregory ll: Icons help people understand but Christ was visible to ppl.  Filioque: add in creed in 6CE to fight against Arianism  Leo l: 452 persuaded Attila the Hun to go back  Gregory l: involved in pol't + religious life, negotiated treaties, paid troops, appoint general/governors 2. What were some of the reasons behind the split between the Eastern and the Western Churches? What event is usually regarded as the "final break"?  Most of East (Constantinople) had the wealth while Germany was taking over the West  Spoke different languages: Greek in East and Latin in West (not developing same ideas)  Thought differently about pol't issues: prospered in East fell in West (pope - Charlemagne)  Thought differently about theological issues: East (Christ new way of being divine again) and West (saving humanity fr. conseq. of sin)  Almost Final Break: Bulgaria, 867 Constantinople declar pop heretical broke communion with. Roman Church o 1054: Tried remending, excommunicating both leading to Iconoclasm and filioque  Final Break: 1204:Fourth Crusade; Army from W. stopped in Constantinople attck. threw out Hagia Sophia and installed Innocent lll  1970s: Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, Christian signed Peace Pledge economic and pol't dialogue 3. Why does Stewart argue that no other pope "had been able to stake as big a claim to secular power as" Innocent lll(179)?  Arbitrating conflicts - right to decide men who wanted German throne, intervene btw. England and France kings  Information gathering - papal legates; pope representatives of secular rulers  Declarations - legates spread word of programs/law 4. What events precipitated the development of the Inquisition and the Crusades? What questions did they raise for Christian life?  Before: Heresy - misreading scriptures and refusal to understand authority, 1st burning in France 1022 (178)  Inquisitions: 1223, Pope Gregory IX send out Franciscans and Dominicans to pass judgments on major heresy - authority over everyone except Bishop and found 2nd time guilty killed or repossessed o Mass persecutions on questionings  Crusades: First - captured Jerusalem and set up four W. kingdoms -> Six more -> Most devasting is the 4th intended for Egypt but went for Constant. killed many Muslims o Broke apart Eastern and Western => Catholicism was based on love 5. What were some of the popular devotions connected with the vita apostolica and the saints?  Mary - s
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