Anthropology 2100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Olduvai Gorge, Lower Paleolithic, Homo Habilis

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Monday, october 2, 2017 pg 69-86 oct 2 week 5 reading setting the scene. The only remains left of early hominids" lives are the stone tools and bones discarded as they moved around the landscape. The richest recovery was in the east african rift valley. This was a geological feature stretching from africa all they way to middle east. Most impressive and important location in the valley. 2 million years ago there was a small lake here that was surrounded by grassland and marsh and the lake supported a variety of sh and reptiles. Overtime the basin lled with sediments and it became a plain. 200,000 years ago, modern streams began to carve a canyon through the sediments lling the basin this erosion created the gorge that is a point of access to the fossils and stone tools deposited around the lake. This is rare but it happened in 1993 by japanese archaeologists.

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