Geography 1400F/G Chapter 1,2: Geography 1400F/G Chapter 1,: u1&2 terms

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Environmental determinism human activities are controlled by the physical env. Empiricism a philosophy of science based on the belief that all knowledge results from experience and therefore gives priority to factual observations over theoretical statements. Positivism a philosophy that contends that science is able to deal with only empricil questions, that scientific observations are repeatable, and that science progresses through the construction of theories and derivation of laws. Scientific method: the various steps taken in a science to obtain knowledge; a phrase most commonly associated w/ a positivist philosophy. Humanism centred on such aspects of human life as value, quality, meaning and significance. Idealism human actions can be understood only by reference to the thought behind them. Pragmatism focuses on the construction of meaning through the practical activities of humans. Phenomenology the ways in which humans experience everyday life and imbue activities w. meaning.

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